Education sector in India has undergone major changes over the decades to meet the demands of the changing world. Given the wide range of career options, educational institutions in India today offer courses in every field to suit the various interests of its students. You could choose to study and even specialize in a particular subject of your interest. However, analyzing your interests, knowing your skills and aptitude is very important before making the right course choice. It is essential that you have sufficient knowledge about the subject and the offerings of the course.
If you are inclined towards science and technology, choosing science stream is highly advantageous. On the other hand if your interest lies in humanities and arts, social science should be your choice to excel.
Gather all the information about the course you are interested in and start looking for a university that meets your needs. Remember, certain courses are highly competitive and you will have to compete fiercely to secure an admission.
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On successful completion of class XII, most of the students pursue courses offered by universities or enter some professional college. Some of the most popular fields of study include:
Engineering has been the top choice for decades now and Indian Engineering education has also gained global recognition. In addition to the world renowned Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), there are many reputable engineering institutes in India.
Top three zone-wise engineering colleges in India
- North: IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Roorkee
- South: IIT Madras, NIT Tiruchirapalli, Anna University, Guindy
- East: IIT Kharagpur, ISMU Dhanbad, BIT Mesra, Ranchi
- West: IIT Bombay COEP, Pune ICT, Mumbai
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Students whose forte lies in physics, chemistry and mathematics usually opt for engineering courses. Aeronautical, mechanical, civil, computer science, architecture, electrical, biotechnology and information technology are some of the popular engineering courses.
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Admission to an engineering college is very competitive and students will have to take up an entrance exam to secure a seat. The process and entrance exams vary depending on the state and the institutes. It is best to contact the admission office of the particular college for specific and complete details.
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For students who excel in Biology along with other physical sciences and have a keen interest in human anatomy and related areas, medical studies is a natural choice. Medicine is a much respected field in India and one has to face a very tough entrance exam for entering the same.
Indian medical colleges have reformed over the years, and today Indian medical graduates are recognized not only in the country but also around the world. Students interested in the medical field should aspire to join one of the top medical colleges known for their excellent contribution to this field.
Top zone-wise medical colleges in India:
- North:AIIMS, Delhi, MAMC, Delhi, Institute of Medical Sciences, Varanasi
- South:CMC, Vellore, JIPMER, Pondicherry, St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore
- West:Grant Government Medical College, Mumbai, B.J. Government Medical College, Pune, Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai
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Like engineering, you can also choose from a wide range of courses such as Anatomy and Physiology, Cardiology, Dental studies, Biomedicine, Dermatology, Gynecology, Orthopedics, and Ophthalmology. These are just a few popular medical courses in India. Medical studies have also undergone major changes as demanded by changing times. Now trends have changed drastically, so much so, that the MBBS degree is only considered as a checkpoint in the spectrum of medical education. If you want to be a successful doctor, you have to specialize.
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Getting admitted to a medical school may turn out to be even more difficult than engineering. You will have to sit for multiple competitive entrance exams. These tests also vary from state to state. Nonetheless, the admission procedure is highly competitive.
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The impact of globalization on the corporate sector in particular has created a huge demand for candidates trained in the field of business education with innovative ideas, new approaches in business and behavioral sciences as well as professional skills. Commerce is the most sought after academic stream in India.
Pursuing a program in the commerce field educates a person about the know-how of a business. After the course completion in the commerce field, the person becomes more well–versed with the basics of trade, economics, market policies and fluctuations. One of the most obvious career options available to commerce students is to pursue B.Com. Educational background in commerce also gives an edge to the students interested in a career in insurance and stock market.
The more ambitious and brighter ones can opt to become Chartered Accountants, Cost and Work Accountants and Company Secretary. The commerce stream is broadly divided into – Finance, Accounting, Economics, E-Commerce and Business Administration.
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There are quite a good number of colleges and universities offering commerce through dedicated departments of commerce. There are over 300 educational institutes offering traditional commerce courses in India.
Top zone-wise commerce colleges in India:
- North: Sri Ram College of Commerce, Delhi, Lady Shriram College for Women, Delhi, Hansraj College, Delhi
- South: Loyola College, Chennai, Christ College, Bangalore, Madras Christian College, Chennai
- West: St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata, Symbiosis Society’s College of Arts & Commerce, Pune, Shri Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai
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The admission varies and some colleges conduct written tests, group discussions and interview for admission. The admission criterion varies depending on the institute, course availability and popularity.
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Arts education is a distinct academic stream and profession in arts would mean that you are entering a niche, specialized and emerging field in India today. Those aspiring to become arts professionals have a wide variety of choice when it comes to courses-both short-term and long-term.
Pursuing a program in the arts field broadens the range of career opportunities for the students to choose from. The broad categories of the arts stream are archaeology, creative writing, economics, English, fine arts, future and development studies, geography and geology, history, languages, philosophy, politics, psychology, public administration and sociology.
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Though arts education in India is still an emerging field, the interest for art/humanities courses are on a rise among the students. Students are exploring the innovative and most creative courses. The universities and colleges are also exploring the various options and encouraging arts education.
Top zone-wise arts colleges in India:
- North: Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi, St. Stephen’s College, Delhi, Hindu College, Delhi.
- South: Loyola College, Chennai, Christ College, Bangalore, Presidency College, Chennai
- West: St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata, Fergusson College, Pune
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Like all the other popular streams the admission process for arts courses also varies depending on the institute. With increase in interest for the subjects offered, the competition is getting tougher.
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Important Statistics: As per the recent UGC reports, maximum numbers of students from both the sexes choose Humanities stream followed by engineering by boys and girls choose science while management or commerce stream is still the third preference. Meanwhile, programmes in Agriculture, Education and Veterinary sciences have very few takers.
The Indian education system has a lot to offer. You can choose from a host of courses that suits your need. With various reforms being made in the Indian education system, the standard of education has undergone a positive metamorphosis. Obtaining an admission in reputed universities/colleges has become tougher. Adding to the competition are the foreign nationals who are seeking Indian education given the quality and low costs.
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