The systematic study of past human lives and habitats with the help of material remains is known as archeology. Archaeologists are involved in the extensive study of historical relics that throw light on different races, cultures, rituals, ad practices that may now be extinct. This scientific and systematic study of past civilization is done through recovery, analysis and documentation of material remains and environmental data like artifacts, features, landscapes and biofacts. Hence, archaeological inputs are of great importance in conservation of ancient monuments, town planning etc.
Courses and eligibility:
The basic educational requirement for an archaeologist is a master’s degree in archaeology. However, a Ph.D degree may be preferred for higher-level positions. Doctorate degrees may also be necessary if one wants to apply for grants to pursue research programs. Those with a bachelor’s degree are generally recruited for entry-level jobs such as trainee archaeologist, research assistant, and writer. Candidates who have passed their 10+2 examination in any stream will be eligible for the bachelor's courses. After graduation in archeology or any related discipline, students can opt for master's and then the Ph.D program respectively.
Generally, archaeologists start their careers by assisting senior researchers in museums and archives. In India, fresh graduates are recruited by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Graduates can also seek to be employed in Central Board of Film Censors, Film Division of Government of India, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Defense Services, All India Handicrafts, Board Ministry of Education, and the Department of Tourism . Archeology graduates have a great scope abroad where they can work as curators, heritage conservators, archivists or even as teachers. Archaeologists with substantial research works can move up to the higher levels of administrative positions and shift into parallel careers as market and survey researchers, engineers, urban and regional planners, and statisticians. Job opportunities will be particularly lucrative in industries like management, and scientific and technical consulting services.
Junior archaeologists can earn around Rs.8000 to Rs.10000 per month, while experienced professionals may earn up to Rs. 18000 to 20000 monthly. Pay scale is a little better in the private sector. In colleges and universities lecturers can earn anywhere in between Rs.12000 to Rs. 25000 depending upon their experience.
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