Biotechnology is a fast growing and promising field of study that progresses ahead through research and development. It is the field that introduced cloning technology to the world and also introduced scientific methods for genetic engineering and new modes of vegetative propagation and many more revolutionary biotechnologies. The biotechnology profession offers outstanding prospects and opportunity, predominantly in the areas of medicine, agriculture and related areas.
Biotechnology is a combination of Biology and other engineering Technologies. It covers a wide variety of subjects like Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Immunology, Virology, Chemistry and Engineering and is also concerned with many other subjects like Health and Medicine, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Cropping system and Crop Management, Ecology, Cell Biology, Soil science and Soil Conservation, Bio-statistics, Plant Physiology, Seed Technology etc. Biotechnology is the use of living things, especially cells and bacteria in industrial process. There is great career opportunity in Biotechnology as the demand for biotechnologists is growing in the global scenario including India.
There are many applications of Biotechnology, such as developing various medicines, vaccines and diagnostics, increasing productivity, improving energy production and conservation. The options in Biotechnology are many and so are the career opportunities. Biotechnology's intervention in the area of animal husbandry has improved animal breeding. Biotechnology also helps to improve the quality of seeds, insecticides and fertilizers. Environmental biotechnology helps in pollution control and waste management.
Eligibility to study Biotechnology in colleges in India
The student wishing to study Biotechnology must have a background in Sciences at the intermediate level in school, and must have studied physics, chemistry, biology, or even agriculture, to enroll in a B.Tech course. To enroll in a B.Sc. course, the student has to have a background in physics, chemistry and mathematics. Graduates in any of the sciences, engineering technology and medicine, may apply for the post graduate course in Biotechnology.
Courses that can be studied under Biotechnology:-
To study Biotechnology, after a student passes out from school, there are several choices. The student can go for the under graduate courses in Bachelor of Sciences, Bachelor of Engineering, or a course in Bachelor of Technology. After that, the student can enroll in the course of post graduation in Master of Sciences, or Master of Technology. Also, even if the student who wishes to study Biotechnology has graduated with bachelors in Science in another subject, like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, or Microbiology, he, or she, can still go for a research in Biotechnology. Phd's are also available in Biotechnology, and so is post doctoral research in the subject.
There are mainly two branches that are taught in every biotechnology course. One is Core biotechnology where students can know everything about the genetic engineering and microbiology subjects. The other part of Biotechnology is Bio informatics. This is based on computers. So, students can solve problems using computers. The applications can be constructed faster with the use of a computer by the biotechnology professionals.
There are various types of biotechnology courses taught in India at different colleges and universities. Currently, more than 25 universities offer the biotechnology courses. Some of the universities offer B.Sc in Biotechnology and some of the universities offer B.Tech in Biotechnology courses.
Scope For Biotechnology in India
The study in biotechnology, in India, is developed under the headers of Bio informatics, Plant Biology, Marine Biotechnology, National Bio resource Development, Agricultural Biotechnology and Bio fertilizers. A course in Biotechnology offers the students brilliant career opportunities in the fields of medicine and agriculture.
Some of the reputed job descriptions that might be well suited after a course in Biotechnology are as a research scientist, or as a research associate, as a teacher, since the demand for faculty of biotechnology has also risen due to the rise in the course’s popularity, as a marketing manager, as a science writer, or a bioinformatics, since the new information that is unraveled by the study in biotechnology needs to be brought out to the world, as a quality control officer, or even an environment specialist, or safety specialist.
There are some universities in India who have launched 5-years integrated B.tech and M.tech in Biotechnology. Here are the names of some leading universities that offer Biotechnology courses:-
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- All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
- GGS Indraprastha University, Delhi.
- Indian Institute Of Technology, New Delhi -110016.
- Indian Institute Of Technology, Madras .
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal.
- University Of Rajasthan, Jaipur.
- Punjab University, Chandigarh.
- Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University.
- Satyabhama Institution of Science
- Vellore Institute Of Technology, Tamil Nadu.
- Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005, Punjab.
- Jamia Millia Islamia University.