Archaeology is a field of study that utilizes the remains of the past to uncover early human civilization. An archaeologist is a person who engages in fieldwork, excavates sites and records the material remains. The materials remains are then used for the interpreting and analyzing the early period of human society. Presently, an archaeologist uses advanced technologies such as carbon dating of artifacts and DNA analysis, which greatly enhances the accuracy of the findings and identification of the objects discovered.
Courses in Archaeology:
- Diploma Courses in Archaeology
- M.A. (Archaeology)
- M.A. (Ancient Indian History and Archaeology)
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Archaeology
Those who want to pursue a Bachelor's degree in Archaeology should have studied history as a subject in 10+2.
For degree or post graduate diploma courses in archaeology one should have completed his/her graduation in any discipline. However, graduates in social sciences like sociology, history, anthropology are given a preference.
Qualities Required for Archaeology:
Archaeology is a career for those with keen interest in history, analytical bend of mind, logical thinking, passionate, hard-working and with a penchant for explorations and solving puzzles. An individual should be a team player and should be open to a lot of travelling for becoming an archaeologist.
Educational Path for Archaeology:
Students willing to pursue a career in archaeology can first enroll for a Bachelor of Arts Program in History (Honours) and then pursue a Master’s degree in Ancient Indian history, culture and archaeology. There are some other courses also such as Postgraduate Diploma in Archaeology, archives keeping and museology, which students can join.
List of Educational Institutions offering Archaeology courses:
- Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi
- Red Fort Complex, Delhi
- Barkatullah Vishwavidhyalaya, Bhopal (MP)
- Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (UP)
- Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra (Haryana)
- The Delhi Institute of Heritage Research & Management
- Ancient Indian Culture & History Patna University
- Andhra University, Waltair, Andra Pradesh
- University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore
- Deccan College Post-Graduate & Research Institute, Yervada, Pune
- Nagpur University, Nagpur
- University of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
- University of Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
- University of Madras, Chepauk, Madras
- Osmania University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
- Purvanchal University, Jaipur, Uttar Pradesh
- Dr. H.S. Gaur University, Gaur Nagar, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh
- Indian History & Culture Viswa Bharati, Shanti Niketan, West Bengal
- Jiwaji University, Gwalior
- Kurukshetra University, Haryana
- MS University of Baroda
Some specializations of archaeology are as follows:
- Historical archaeology: It is the study of cultures with some form of writing.
- Ethnoarchaeology: It is archaeological study of living people.
- Experimental archaeology: It is the application of experimental methods to develop highly controlled observations of processes to create and impact archaeological records.
Archaeometry aims to systematise archaeological measurement by emphasizing application of analytical techniques from physics, chemistry and engineering.
Job Prospects in Archaeology:
Archaeology graduates have a lot of scope in government departments such as Defense Services and historical divisions of India. The Archaeological Survey of India offers opportunities for archaeology graduates in research work, excavation and archaeological explorations. The experts in Archaeology also work as Numismatists and Epigraphists. Besides, archaeologists are also employed by museums and cultural centers as curators, heritage conservators, archivists, heritage managers, interpreters in tourism industry. The foray of corporate as well as heritage bodies into urban conservation, excavations, documentations and maintenance of records for preservation has surely made archaeology a very rewarding career.
- Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
- Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)
- National Museum
- Universities and colleges
- Government and private museums and cultural galleries
A JRF qualified student gets a starting salary of Rs. 8,000 per month. However, a senoir research fellow can get a monthly salary of Rs.20,000. Lectureres get an approximate salary of Rs.20,000/- per month. The basic pay scale of an assistant archaeologist after getting into Archaeological Survey of India is between Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 15,000 per month.