Ophthalmology is a division of medicine which deals with diagnosis and diseases related to eyes and visual system. Those who are expert in this field are called as Ophthalmologists. The opthalmologist mostly act as both general practitioner and surgeon. Ophthalmologists are skilled to use an extensive range of medical equipments which are used for cure and diagnosis of ophthalmic problems that include ophthalmoscopes, lasers, microscope, retinoscopes, etc.

An ophthalmologist is a skilled professional who deals with diseases and surgery related to eye and brain, the word ‘ophthalmologist’ has come from the Greek word ophthalmos which means eye and logos. An ophthalmologist is the right and capable person to be consulted for problems related to eyes.

Ophthalmologists are given training in the field of medicine for the treatment of diseases related to eye and their vision, cataract, corrective treatment, etc. They offer regular eye exams; prescribe eyeglasses, contact lens, diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders and diseases that are caused by systemic illness.

To become a successful ophthalmologist a student should possess good judgmental skills to diagnose the disease and must have the capability and patience to work as part of the team, along with these he should also be well trained for operating the medical equipments and have adequate knowledge related to the evolving new technologies.

Few courses offered under Ophthalmology: -


  • Diploma in Ophthalmology
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • Doctor of Medicine in Ophthalmology
  • Master of Surgery in Ophthalmology
  • Master of Science in Ophthalmology
  • Postgraduate Certificate program in Clinical Ophthalmology
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmology
  • Master of Philosophy in Ophthalmology
  • Doctor of Philosophy Program in Ophthalmology

Basic Eligibility



The student must have passed M.B.B.S/BDS course from any recognized institution. Some institutes might also need the rank obtained in entrance examination. The duration of the course is 3 years.



For admission into master’s degree one must have completed his bachelor's degree in relevant field from a MCI recognized university or equivalent. Usually the duration of the course is 2 years.

Job Prospects

There are several career options available for those who completed their ophthalmology degree.  Employment can be found in sectors such as hospitals undertaken by state and central government. In addition , they also have opportunities available in NGOs, private hospitals, clinics, missionary hospitals and charitable hospitals run by railways and defense. Students can also take up research work with organizations such as ICMR .

Most of the ophthalmologist prefer private sectors such as nursing home, private hospitals and clinics because of high remunerations available. Those who have relevant experience of at least 4-5 years in ophthalmology can start their own private eye-clinic as well. A student can also begin his/her career in research or teaching area after completing postgraduate and/or PhD degree in any specialized field of ophthalmology.

There is massive requirement for Indian ophthalmologists in abroad mainly in USA, Australia, UK, Gulf countries.

Pay Package: -

For a fresher in ophthalmology working under government hospitals can start earning in between Rs.15,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month excluding other perks and benefits. Private sector hospitals offer very high pay which ranges from Rs.25,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month.


Apart from these salaried jobs an ophthalmologist can also earn from part-time private practicing in eye-clinics. Senior eye-surgeons can earn Rs 60,000 to 1 lac for month.

After having relevant experience of 4-5 years he/she can earn a salary in the range of Rs 40,000-80,000 per month depending upon his/her skills and popularity. At senior level salary can be in the range of Rs 1,00,000-2,00,000 per month depending on their experience.

Medical Colleges for Ophthalmology in India

A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences

Mangalore, Karnataka, India

A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences (AJIMS), Mangalore was established in 2002 and is a brilliant, futuristic endeavor of the Laxmi Memorial Trust and is a premier educational organization. The college is affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences,...

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Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya

Mandya, Karnataka, India

Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), Mandya was established in 1986 by the then honorable Chief Minister of Karnataka, Sri Ramakrishna Hegde in the holy presence of Padmabhushana Dr.Sri Sri Sri Balagangadharanatha Maha Swamiji. It aims to provide...

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Al-Ameen Medical College

Bijapur, Karnataka, India

Al-Ameen Medical College, Bijapur was started during the month of September, 1984 with the untiring efforts of Dr. Mumtaz Ahmed Khan, the Founder of Al-Ameen Movements. The college premises spread over two hundred acres of land on western hills of historical city...

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All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

New Delhi, Delhi, India

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi was established in 1956 as an autonomous institution through an Act of Parliament, to serve as a nucleus for nurturing excellence in all aspect of health care. The Institute was started with the objects to...

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Allama Iqbal Unani Medical College

Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

Allama Iqbal Unani Medical College (AIUMC), Muzaffarnagar has been established for imparting Medical Education through Unani System of Medicine. The Institute is an autonomous nonprofit making institution committed to deliver quality education in the field of...

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Alluri Sitaramaraju Academy of Medical Sciences, Godavari

Eluru , Andhra Pradesh, India

Alluri Sitaramaraju Academy of Medical Sciences (ASRAM), Godavari was established in 1999, as a non profit society and is named after the famous patriot Alluri Sitaramaraju. The Medical College was started with an annual intake of 100 b achelor of Medicine,...

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Amrita School of Medicine, Coimbatore

Kochi, Kerala, India

Amrita School of Medicine (ASM), Coimbatore was established in 2002 by Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Devi, Amma. The school offers the best education in an environment that supports the practice of new skills as well as an individual student's capacity to learn and...

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Armed Forces Medical College

Pune, Maharashtra, India

Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune was established on 1948 by an act of parliament of India on the recommendations of the BC Roy Committee by the amalgamation of various defence medical organizations. It is a premier medical institute of India acknowledged...

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Assam Down Town University

Guwahati, Assam, India

Assam Down Town University (ADTU), Guwahati was established in 2010 and has been managed by the Down Town Charity Trust promoted by Down Town Hospital Ltd. It was the first paramedical college in the region was affiliated to Assam Government Health University. The...

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Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh

Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Assam Medical College (AMC), Dibrugarh was establishedin 1947, is one of the premier and oldest medical institutes of the NE region of India in the erstwhile US Military hospital of the second world war at Borbari, Dibrugarh through a process of up-gradation of...

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