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Agricultural Engineering

Published On: 28 Jun 2012 | Last Updated On: 20 Aug 2013

Though modernization and technological advancements has been on the go for the past few decades in India, agriculture still remains as the numero uno occupation, sustaining this country. Agricultural sector contributes 20% GDP(gross domestic product) to the Indian economy and is widely acknowledged as the 'backbone of our economy'. In fact, the giant leap in technology has worked in favor of this field significantly, contributing to the increase in India's productivity and quality and thereby, proliferation of exports. Therefore, Engineers are always on demand in this sector as they play a vital role of designing agricultural machinery, equipment, and agricultural structures. Agricultural engineers have a prominent role in food processing and production of various agricultural and bio renewable products. They regularly execute environmental impact assessments and provide research Results. To be successful in this field one should possess logic and practical thinking ability for ingenuity and innovation.

List of Courses: 
  • Diploma in Agricultural Engineering
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Agricultural Engineering    
  • Bachelor of Technology in Agricultural Engineering    
  • Master of Technology in Agricultural Engineering    
  • Master of Technology in Agricultural Process and Food Engineering    
  • Master of Technology in Farm Machinery and Power Engineering    
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Agri-Informatics
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Rural Technology 

Courses & Eligibility

A candidate aspiring for a career in agricultural engineering must complete his/her +2 in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and/or Biology. Most agricultural institutes/universities conduct entrance examination for admission to BE/BTech program in agricultural engineering. Some may even consider the marks obtained in + 2 qualifying examination for selection.

For pursuing ME/M.Tech programs in agricultural engineering one should have completed BE/B.Tech in the same discipline. For this purpose, one needs to qualify the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) examination.

Specializations -
Some of its specialized fields are: 
  • Crop Production
  • Dairy Management
  • Agricultural Economics
  • Post-Harvest Technology
  • Soil and Water Engineering
  • Poultry and Fish Processing
  • Agricultural Waste Management
  • Agricultural Machinery Design
  • Food Engineering / Process Control
  • Irrigation and Drainage Systems Engineering

Career Prospects

There are excellent career opportunities in Agricultural sector for engineering graduates both in private and public sectors. They can work in Department of Agriculture (State as well as central government), Development organizations and Institutions/Labs as teachers/scientists respectively. In private sectors they can work in Agricultural co-operatives , Fertiliser and irrigation companies, Farming companies, Industry service organisations and NGOs.

Apart from joining manufacturing industries they can also opt for water resource management, forestry, mining and rehabilitation, food processing, peri-urban and rural development, machine development and many more. Agricultural engineers can also work in NGOs under various schemes and projects.

They are now working as specialists in private consultancies, large corporations, government and non-government organisations, and some have become engineering managers of large farms or estates.

Some job profiles: 
  • Scientist
  • Researcher
  • Farm Manager
  • Horticulturist
  • Head Green keeper
  • Project Directors
  • Project Coordinators
  • Product Design Engineer
  • Directors of Institutes


Remuneration of agricultural engineers is not less than engineers of other branches. A fresh graduate can expect a salary between Rs 10,000 to Rs 15,000 per month at the entry level. After gaining a few years of experience on good projects, one can earn up to Rs 30,000 per month. There is no limitation for the dexterous to progress in this field.

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