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Genetic Engineering

Published On: 28 Jun 2012 | Last Updated On: 01 May 2014

Genetic engineering is a highly complicated and upgraded branch of Biotechnology, which involves deliberate manipulation of the genetic material (DNA) of an organism by artificial methods. It is applied in plants to change the colour, size, texture etc. so as to improve its quality & quantity and these items are referred to as GM (Genetically Modified) foods. In humans, GE is employed to correct severe hereditary defects by introducing normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones.It can stimulate the growth and yield of a variety of food crops like pulses, cereals etc. and alleviate the problems of food shortage and mitigate the sufferings of starving millions across the globe. The scope of genetic engineering is limitless and its horizon is widening with every day of research. Genetic engineering like many other branches of science, for example, nuclear science, can be used nobly as well as ignobly.

Few courses offered in this field are: 
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Genetic Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology in Genetic Engineering
  • Master of Engineering in Genetic Engineering
  • Master of Technology in Genetic Engineering
  • Bachelor of Science in life sciences with genetics as optional subjects

Courses & Eligibility:

The eligibility criterion for admissions in a Bachelor’s programme is 10+2 in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects. The 2 year M.tech course can be pursued after successfully completing an Undergraduate course. Students are subjected to go through entrance exams like GATE for admissions in B.Tech & M.Tech courses. One can also opt for a doctorate degree(PhD) under the guidance a professor/lecturer.

Few Specializations under this field: 
  • Classical genetics
  • Behavioral genetics
  • Clinical genetics
  • Molecular genetics
  • Population, quantitative and ecological genetics
  • Genomics
  • Genetic algorithms

Job Prospects:

A Genetic Engineer just cannot run out of job opportunities as the field is running the gravy train due to hefty medical advancements and professionals are in great demand in India as well as abroad. They can easily find jobs in sectors like medical and pharmaceutical industries, agriculture, research and development departments of government and private organizations. The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology, Delhi; Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, Chandigarh; The Centre for DNA Fingerprint and Diagnostics, Hyderabad; The National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi are some of the top recruiters of graduates of Genetic Engineering.

Medical representatives and Research personals have a very good scope in this field.


The fresher can initially draw around Rs. 8000-10000. But with experience the salary might shoot up to Rs. 20000. Remuneration in this field, solely depends on the personal success of an individual.

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