Engineering is an extremely popular course in India, chosen by thousands of high school graduates every year. The main reason for this are the good career prospects associated with an engineering degree. To cater to the huge demand for engineering seats, there are thousands of engineering colleges in India and more opening every year. Although there have been many attempts to rank these institutions, the sheer number and variety of institutions make this an almost impossible task. However, even in the absence of an official rank list some institutions have an excellent reputation for imparting quality education. These colleges deserve special mention. The topmost colleges of India are as follows:
1) The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs): The Indian Institutes of Technology in India is a group of public engineering institutes which are autonomous bodies. They are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, which has declared them “institutions of national importance”. The Act also lists sixteen IITs in the country, which are – IIT - Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Gandhinagar, Bhubaneswar, Indore, Hyderabad, Jodhpur, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Mandi, Patna, Roorkee, Ropar and Varanasi. The IITs are linked via a common council, which also is responsible for their administration. They offer a variety of degrees from B.Tech to PhDs.
2) The National Institutes of Technology (NITs): The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are a group of public institutes for engineering in India. The NITs started as Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs), which were governed by their respective state governments. To encourage regional diversity and multi-cultural understanding the NITs were set up. NITs comprised of thirty autonomous institutes, which are located in all the major states and territories of the country and are all autonomous bodies. As per the NIT Bill, 2007, the institutes were declared as Institutes of National Importance by the Indian Government. Degree courses in various engineering and technological branches are offered in NITs. Since all the thirty institutes are autonomous in nature they have their own curriculum. The NITs like the IITs offer a range of courses from B.tech to PhDs.
3) Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs): Indian Institutes of Information Technology are a group of four institutes for higher education in India. Their main focus is on imparting information related to information technology. The institutes were established by the Government of India and are managed by the HRD Ministry (Ministry of Human Resource Development).
The four Institutes are:
- Indian Institutes of Information Technology, Allahadabad, established in 1999 by the government of India. It obtained the status of deemed university in 2000.
- Indian Institutes of Information Technology, Gwalior, established in 1997 and obtained the status of deemed university in 2001.
- Indian Institutes of Information Technology, Jabalpur, established in 2005 by the government of India.
- Indian Institutes of Information Technology, Kancheepuram, established in the year 2007 by the government of India.
Plans to grant autonomy to the IIITs and to set up 20 additional IIITs are underway. Admissions to these Institutes are entertained only through Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE- Main).
4) Universities/Constituent colleges: There are several universities in India offering engineering as a course to science students. Each university has several affiliated constituent colleges. Some universities, which require special mention, are:
- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, offering engineering in various branches was established in the year 1909 and is one of the best universities for engineering.
- Jadavpur University, Kolkata, offers various engineering disciplines and was established in the year 1955. It is one of the largest universities in the eastern region of India.
- University College of Engineering Osmania University (UCE), Hyderabad, is an autonomous college started in the year 1929 is one of the best universities offering engineering.
The list above contains only a few, well renowned colleges. There are many more colleges, which offer quality education in engineering in India.
5) Affiliated colleges: Affiliated colleges in India come under their respective universities or agencies. They offer engineering in various branches to students. Colleges like Bangalore Technological Institute, JNN Institute of Engineering, Chennai, CV Raman College of Engineering, Bhubaneshwar etc. deserve mention.
6) Private or deemed universities: There are several private or deemed universities in India. They are owned and governed by their respective private bodies. Among them Manipal University, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore are institutions renowned for their education and placements.
Although an aspiring engineering candidate may be confused by the number of engineering colleges present, a few colleges stand out of the crowd. If a student has the requisite grades and has cleared the respective entrance exams for admission to these colleges, then he or she can safely take admissions without worrying about the future. Whether a student gets admission to a reputed institution or not, an understanding of the process by which the institution grants its degrees, and the body to which it is affiliated, would be helpful for gauging future prospects.
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