A totally new imitative, the Government of India through its Ministry of Human Resource Development, colleges were ranked under Architecture category. On April 3, the HRD Minister, Prakash Javadekar released the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) for this year. As per the new Framework, the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur) has been ranked as the best Architecture Institute, which was followed by IIT Roorkee and School of Planning and Architecture New Delhi.
After appearing in the top list in all five categories in the ranking, Partha Pratim Chakrabarti, Director, IIT Kharagpur said that it was nice to see the Institute topped in Architecture and Law. In an official Facebook post, the Director said that the IIT Kharagpur was the only Institute in the country to be ranked in the top list in all five categories for which it was considered. The ranking includes Overall fifth position, Engineering fourth position, Management seventh slot, Architecture first rank and Law fourth place. "This shows our unique strength as an Overall Institution in the strong competition from niche institutes such as IIMs, SPAs, NLUs and metro-based IITs. Therefore, it remains great to see IIT KGP topping in Architecture and in Law in spite of Schools of Planning and Architecture and the National Law Universities. There was a need to improve in each stream and maintain the position in architecture. The teacher-student ratio was expected to be fixed by next year”, the official added.
Following is the list of India’s top ten law institutes
1) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
2) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
3) School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
4) College of Engineering Trivandrum, Thiruvananthapuram
5) School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal
7) JNAFAU School of Planning and Architecture, Hyderabad
8) Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
9) National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur
10) Faculty of Architecture, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Udupi
In the Overall category, for the second time in a row, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore, has been adjudged the best higher educational institute followed by IIT Madras and IIT Bombay. HRD Higher Education secretary R Subrahmanyan had warned that the public institutions which do not participate in national ranking will face fund cut.
The selected universities will enjoy unprecedented administrative and financial autonomy in a slew of matters, such as freedom to admit foreign students up to 30% of admitted students; recruit foreign faculty up to 25% of faculty strength; offer online courses up to 20% of its programmes and enter into academic collaboration with top 500 ranked institutions in the world without permission of the University Grants Commission, it said. What is more, they will also be free to fix and charge fees from foreign students without restriction besides having flexibility of course structure in terms of number of credit hours and years to take a degree as well as complete flexibility in fixing of curriculum and syllabus.
The Union HRD Ministry has made is mandatory for public institutions to participate in the ranking from next year. Emphasizing that the Ministry was serious, the portfolio Minister Prakash Javadekar said, “Those public institutions which will not take part in it will face fund cuts.” Apart from government institutions, National Board of Accreditation sources said a large number of private higher education institutions, who were not part of the process earlier, have joined the rankings this year.
With the stated purpose of making the process more transparent, NIRF has outlined its methodology to rank institutions pan India, drawing from a general understanding of the overall recommendations arrived at by a core committee set up by HRD ministry, the report said.
Five broad parameters were established are as follows:
- Teaching, Learning & Resources: This includes student strength including doctoral students; faculty-student ratio with emphasis on permanent faculty; combined metric for faculty with PhD (or equivalent) and experience; and total budget and its utilisation.
- Research and Professional Practice: This includes combined metric for publications; combined metric for quality of publications; IPR and patents: filed, published, granted and licensed (IPR); and footprint of projects and professional practice and executive development programs (FPPP). To promote R&D in higher education, this parameter was given the highest weightage of 40%
- Graduation Outcomes: This comprises combined percentage for placement, higher studies and entrepreneurship (GPHE); metric for university examinations; median salary; metric for graduating students admitted into top universities; and metric for number of Ph.D. students graduated.
- Outreach and Inclusivity: Includes percentage of students from other states/countries (region diversity); percentage of women on campus; economically and socially challenged students; and facilities for physically challenged students.
- Perception: Includes peer perception in terms of employers and research investors, academics and competitiveness.
Even though these parameters appear comprehensive, institutions have raised objections in connection with the methodology they claim the process lacks transparency. They also feel the parameters are not comparable in different types of institutions. Some institutes feel the rankings go against the grain of their perceived reputations. They also claim government institutes get preferential treatment. Globally, ranking agencies are usually independent. In India, however, the NIRF is backed by the government’s Ministry for Human Resource Development.
NIRF is the sole national ranking framework for India's higher education institutions. The Framework was instituted by the Union Government in 2016. During the first year, there were only four categories of educational institutions such as Engineering, Universities, Management and Pharmacy. The very next year, NIRF added two more categories college and overall. What is more, from this year, another three categories such as Medical and Dental Colleges (Single Category), Law and Architecture, thus making it a total of nine categories. Last year, NIRF received around 3,000 applications and this year the number of applications has increased to 4,000.