Genetic Engineering is concerned with deliberate manipulation of the genetic material (DNA) of a living organism by artificial methods. The study of genetic engineering involves insertion of new genetic material at an unspecified location in the host genome by isolating and copying the genetic material of interest using molecular cloning methods to generate a DNA sequence containing the required genetic elements for expression, and then inserting this construct into the host organism.

Other methods consist of gene targeting and knocking out exact genes via engineered nucleases such as zinc finger nucleases or engineered homing endonucleases. The field of genetic engineering studies how traits and characteristics of an organism are transmitted through the generations, and how genetic disorders are caused.

Genetic Engineering is also concerned with developing hybrid varieties of plants, making plants disease resistant. Genetic engineering techniques are used in research, biotechnology, and medicine.

Few courses offered in this field are: -


  • Bachelor of Engineering in Genetic Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology in Genetic Engineering
  • Master of Engineering in Genetic Engineering
  • Master of Technology in Genetic Engineering
  • Bachelor of Science in life sciences with genetics as optional subjects

Basic Eligibility



To pursue undergraduate course in genetic engineering, candidates should be 10+2 pass in science stream from recognized board examination. Most colleges offer admission on the basis of marks obtained in Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) and All India Engineering/Pharmacy/Architecture Entrance Examination (AIEEE).



To pursue postgraduate course in genetic engineering, candidates should be B.E / B.Tech in genetic engineering from recognized University. Candidates should have valid GATE score.


Few Specializations under this field: -


  • Classical genetics
  • Behavioral genetics
  • Clinical genetics
  • Molecular genetics
  • Population, quantitative and ecological genetics
  • Genomics
  • Genetic algorithms

Job Prospects

Genetic Engineering graduates find opportunities in medical and pharmaceutical industries, agriculture, research and development departments of government and private organizations. The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology, Delhi; Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, Chandigarh; The Centre for DNA Fingerprint and Diagnostics, Hyderabad; and The National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi are some of the major organizations where Genetic engineering graduates are sought.

Pay package: -

The pay package offered for genetic engineers is comparatively higher than other engineering graduates. They are offered a monthly salary of Rs.20, 000 to 30,000 in public sector and even higher in private sector.

Engineering Colleges for Genetic Engineering

Aryabhatta Knowledge University

Patna, Bihar, India

Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU), Patna was established in 2008 by Government of Bihar for the development and management of educational infrastructure related to technical, medical, management and allied professional education in...

View All 2 Courses

Bharath Institute of Science and Technology

Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Bharath Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Chennai was established in 1984 under the aegis of Sri Lakshmi Ammal Educational Trust with the aim of imparting higher knowledge in Science and Technology to the aspiring boys and...

View All 2 Courses

Bharath University, Chennai

Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Bharath University, Chennai also known as Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research was established in 1984. The university was established under the aegis of Sri Lakshmi Ammal Educational Trust with the aim of imparting...

View All 2 Courses

Indian Institute of Science, (IISc), Bangalore

Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore established in 1909 as a 'Research Institute' or 'University of Research' by Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (IISc Bangalore) is a unique institute concerned...

View Courses

Kuvempu University

Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Kuvempu University (KU), Shimoga was established in 1987. It is one of the youngest affiliating Universities in Karnataka. Kuvempu is a university with a distinctive academic profile, blending in itself commitment to rural ethos and a...

View Courses

Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai

Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai was established in 1966, has 18 Schools comprising 73 Departments. The university has 109 affiliated Colleges (9 Autonomous) including other approved institutions and 7 evening colleges. There are...

View Courses

National Institute of Technology, Patna

Patna, Bihar, India

National Institute of Technology (NITP), Patna was established in 2004. National Institute of Technology Patna has been declared as an Institute of National Importance and has been granted a fully Autonomous Status by MHRD, Government...

View Courses

SRM University,Chennai

Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

SRM University, Chennai formerly SRM Institute of Science and Technology, is a deemed university was established in 1985. It was started as SRM Engineering College in Kattankulathur, under University of Madras. In 2003, SRM Engineering,...

View All 2 Courses

U. V. Patel College of Engineering

Kherva, Gujarat, India

U.V.Patel College of Engineering (UVPCE), Kherva was established in 1997 under the aegis of Mehsana District Education Foundation. It is a self-financed institute approved by All India Council for Technical Education, New Delhi, the...

View Courses


Request for Information


Are you Interested in ?
Please provide the following details

Related Question and Answer

Ask A Question


Available Courses

For frequent education updates,
Register now!

Other Course Categories

Ask a Question