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Legal education in India

Published On: 02 Apr 2012 | Last Updated On: 04 Jul 2012

After decades of existence, the legal education in India continues to live up to the image of being deemed as one of the most prestigious and lucrative career options for youngsters to opt for, today.

In order to pursue legal education, most commonly referred to as Law (L.L.B/ law degrees) in India, the applicant (Student) has to adhere to certain criteria’s that makes him eligible for the course.

Admissions to the best law schools in India are mainly done on the basis of student’s  performance in entrance exams such as CLAT (common law aptitude tests), although autonomous law colleges conduct private law tests as a part of their admission procedure.

The legal education in India comprises of two models today, a three year course or an integrated 5 year course which includes a degree with the L.L.B.

The popular belief that student requires to complete his undergraduate program in any discipline before he joins a law program has changed due to the 5-year integrated law program wherein a student directly becomes eligible for applying to the law program once he completes his senior secondary (Class 12/2nd PUC). Combinations such as BA-L.L.B, BBA-L.L.B, and B.Sc.-L.L.B enable a student to acquire a law degree within the span of 5 years.

When, What, How and Why? :Legal education is not merely a professional course that is confined to court rooms, but is a social science that reflects the current political scenario as far as the legal system in the country is concerned.

To make a profession out of legal education is certainly an intelligent one as the need for lawyers and law experts to advise clients on legal documents, settling disputes and matters legally will continue, and is perhaps one of the best choices to make as the field of legal education in India is growing and will continue to grow in the future.

You could choose from an array of specializations that the course offers, which includes civil law, criminal law, corporation law, labor law, international law, administrative law, press law, family law, trademark, copyright, patent law and tax law. The remuneration of a lawyer or a practitioner of legal studies is not fixed, and varies according to the proficiency of the individual.

Room for improvement: Experts opine that there is still room for improvement as far as the quality of legal education in India is concerned, which includes rectifying the shortcomings in the system along with meeting the challenges of globalization, as most Indian law graduates lack sufficient practical exposure to in depth research which could be directly traced to the lack of adequate financial resources in the country.

The faculties should be well versed with the practical aspects on what goes in the court rooms so that he is able to train the potential lawyers/ law students into thorough professionals.  The future of legal education in India seems bright as the opportunities and career prospects are immense, as students with a degree in law can work as legal advisors, advocates, public prosecutors, and magistrates.

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