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Published On: 05 May 2010 | Last Updated On: 01 Aug 2013

Nursing is an integral part of medical care system. This domain of work is generally women specific. At the initial level, nurses are required for the bedside care of patients. At the senior level they are required to manage special group of people like psychiatric, pediatric, intensive care patients etc which require specialized skills.

Besides these they are also involved in dispensing medication, keeping records of the patients’ progress, setting up and operating medical equipment, administration and several other routine works.

Few courses offered under this field:

  • Bachelor of science in nursing
  • Master of science in nursing
  • General nursing program
  • General Nursing & Midwifery
  • Hospital Nursing
  • Military Nursing
  • Pediatric Nursing
  • Orthopedic Nursing
  • Psychiatric Nursing


For B.Sc. Nursing, one needs to complete 10+2 with Biology, Physics and Chemistry. The duration of this course is 3 to 4 years. M.Sc. Nursing (Duration is 2 years) can be done only after B.Sc. Nursing course. The eligibility for GNM course (Duration 3 1/2 years) is 10+2 with biology, physics and chemistry. However, 10th pass is the only qualification for ANM course which is of 18 months duration.

Specializations -

Some specializations under nursing are as follows:

  • Oncology Nursing
  • Cardio Thoracic Nursing
  • Operation Room Nursing
  • Neonatal Nursing
  • Neuro Nursing
  • Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Nursing
  • Nursing Education and Administration
  • Critical Care Nursing
  • Practitioner in Midwifery
  • Emergency and Disaster Nursing
  • Psychiatric Nursing

Career Prospects:

There are wide employment opportunities for B.Sc. /M.Sc. Nursing/GNM/ANM Degree holders in public as well private sector. They can seek a job in Govt. run hospitals, primary health care centres, dispensaries and health projects and scheme run by government departments. They can also be employed in schools and old age homes.

In private sectors nursing homes, clinics are also open to them. They are also recruited by Military, Railways department for their departmental hospitals. They can also aspire to be getting employed in industrial houses and factories. Besides these they can opt for teaching in training institutes as educators.

Few categories where a student can find nursing Jobs:

  • Cardiac nursing
  • Clinical Nurse Specialist
  • Critical Care Nursing
  • Emergency Nursing
  • Gastroenterology Nursing
  • Geriatric Nursing
  • Medical-Surgical
  • Nurse Practitioner
  • Occupational Health Nursing
  • Pediatric Nursing
  • Public Health
  • Rehabilitation Nursing
  • Telemetry Nursing
  • Urology Nursing
  • Community Health
  • Intensive Care
  • Surgery / Operating Theatre


Nurses employed by government hospitals receive a monthly salary of Rs 6,500 to Rs 10,000. Those working for private hospitals or the military receive a higher remuneration. Private Nurses have a fixed daily fee. Health workers receive between Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 2,000 per month. Nurses employed in Defense services and Railways earn higher wages than those of employed in govt. hospitals. Nurses going abroad get very high salaries in foreign currency.

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