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Published On: 28 Jun 2012 | Last Updated On: 01 Aug 2013

Optometry deals with the examination, diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases and disorders of the visual system. Optometrists examine eyes and treat vision problems, usually by prescribing eyeglasses or contact lenses, vision therapy, or rehabilitation programs. They diagnose eye diseases that need surgery and refer patients to ophthalmologists (physicians who perform eye surgery). Sometimes optometrists discover eye conditions caused by systemic problems, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, and refer their patients to other medical doctors. They also prescribe medicines to treat some eye diseases and allergies. The problem of vision has become quite common among people of all ages. Advancement in scientific technology and diagnostic methods has made the profession of optometry one of the best career option for young aspirants. Also, attractive compensation, flexible hours, and status are a few reasons why more individuals find their niche in this profession.

List of courses:

  • Bachelor of Optometry
  • Bachelor of Optometry and Ophthalmic Technology
  • B.Sc Hons. in Optometry and Ophthalmic Techniques
  • M.Sc Optometry
  • Diploma in Refraction Optometry
  • Diploma in Optometry Assistant

Courses & Eligibility:

Aspirants can pursue Diploma or B.Sc courses in optometry at the initial level. For admissions, one must have passed 10+2 in the science stream with physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics as the core subjects. Some institutes conduct entrance examination while others select candidates on the basis of merit for these courses. One can also pursue a post-graduate diploma in Optometry. The minimum eligibility for this course is a graduate in any discipline. However, preference is given to the science and sponsored candidates. For Master’s and M.Phil programs in optometry, one should have completed bachelors degree and master’s degree in optometry respectively.

Specializations -

Some specializations under Optometry are:

  • Vision Therapy
  • Orthoptics
  • Contact Lenses
  • Sports Vision Therapy
  • Low Vision Therapy
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Head Trauma
  • Occupational Vision
  • Paediatrics Optometry

Career Prospects:

Most optometrists have their own practices or are associates in group practices. Others are employed in hospitals, clinics, and health or government agencies. Still others work for insurance companies; for manufacturers of eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other optical equipment; or for large eyewear chains. Some jobs involve the designing and testing of new products. Optometrists who have additional education and experience can move into jobs in teaching, research, or administration. The scope for optometric practice in India and abroad is unlimited. The maturing of the large baby-boom generation, together with rapid growth in the elderly population, should increase the demand for qualified optometrists.

A fresh graduate working in government hospitals can earn Rs 12,000- 15,000 per month. Private hospitals offer Rs 25,000-40,000 per month depending on the candidate's skill and experience.

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