Pathology is a division of medical science that deals with the analysis of diseases through inspection of organs, bodily fluids, tissues and whole bodies (autopsies). Pathology studies related to diseases is known as general pathology. Pathology is a link between the basic science and medicine. Medical pathology has been separated into two main parts such as clinical pathology and anatomic pathology or anatomical pathology.

Anatomic pathology studies about cellular and tissue level, whereas clinical pathology studies about disciplines of microbiology, immunology, clinical chemistry and Haematology. A graduate who works as a practitioner in pathology is known as pathologist. There are also others divisions in pathology. Pathologists who deals with the human diseases are called as physicians, these physicians have received expert training in pathology.

Surgeons can consult pathologists for doubts or other problems while performing operations. Pathologists also perform post-mortem inspections to find out the cause of death when the cause for death is not clear. Candidates those who are seeking their career in this field can become as a specialists in any one of the field in pathology.

List of Courses: -


  • Diploma in Pathology    
  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology
  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery in Pathology
  • Bachelor of Audiology Speech and Language Pathology    
  • Master of Science in Pathology    
  • Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology
  • Doctor of Medicine in Pathology    
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Pathology    
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Speech Pathology and Audiology

Basic Eligibility



For admission in to bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (12th Std.) examination with science subject such as (biology, maths and chemistry). The duration of this course is 3 years.



The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree with science subject science subject such as (biology, maths and chemistry). The duration of this course is 2 years.


Some of its specialized fields are: -


  • Hematology
  • Plant Pathology
  • Chemical Pathology
  • Cytopathology
  • Neuropathology
  • Dermatopathology
  • Forensic Pathology
  • Paediatric Pathology
  • Surgical Pathology
  • Veterinary Pathology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Molecular Genetic Pathology
  • Blood Banking / Transfusion Medicine

Job Prospects

Pathology is one of the promising and rewarding career options in India. Aspirants who are willing to take up this profession must have proper information in this field.  Talented professionals in this field are rising day by day, which has lead to lots of employment opportunities for talented pathologists. Graduates after completion of their course can work as a specialist in any division under pathology such as surgical pathology, clinical pathology, anatomical pathology, veterinary pathology, molecular pathology, plant pathology and in forensic pathology.

Some pathologists work as a consultants or medical examiners. Skilled professionals in this field find employment in universities, laboratories, hospitals and in colleges. Graduates can seek employment in agricultural sector, government agencies, law and other fields. Pathologists can also set up his/her career in research or teaching field after doing post graduation and then Ph.D in any specialized branch of pathology. There are lots of job opportunities available in India as well as in foreign countries for pathologists.

Some job types: -


  • Consultants
  • Medical Examiner
  • Professors
  • Cytotechnologist
  • Mortuary Assistant
  • Dermatopathologist
  • Health Care Workers
  • Forensic Technician
  • Medical Lab Technician

Remuneration: -

The income of graduates may differ according to the organization. As a trainee one can get around Rs.8000 to Rs.12000 every month.  After gaining experience it may increase to Rs.15000 –Rs. 22000 every month.  After gaining 10 years of experience in this field one can begin his/her own pathology laboratory, which leads to gain confidence and good revenue. In government hospital the income is given according to the pay scale and grade. A pathologist can begin with a recognized hospital in set of Rs. 3, 00,000-3, 50,000 per annum in the private sector.

Medical Colleges for Pathology and Disease Research

A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Mangalore, Karnataka, India

A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre (AJIMSRC), Mangalore was established in 2002 under the aegis of Laxmi Memorial Education Trust. The institute has been accredited by National Accreditation Board for Hospitals &...

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Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya

Mandya, Karnataka, India

Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), Mandya was established in 1986 by the then honorable Chief Minister of Karnataka, Sri Ramakrishna Hegde in the holy presence of Padmabhushana Dr.Sri Sri Sri Balagangadharanatha Maha...

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Al-Ameen Medical College

Bijapur, Karnataka, India

Al-Ameen Medical College, Bijapur was established in 1984. Al-Ameen Medical College is affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore and the college is recognized by Medical Council of India since 1994. The college...

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All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

New Delhi, Delhi, India

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi was established in 1956 as an autonomous institution through an Act of Parliament, to serve as a nucleus for nurturing excellence in all aspect of health care. The Institute was...

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All India Institute of Speech and Hearing

Mysore, Karnataka, India

All India Institute of Speech and Hearing (AIISH), Mysore was established in 1965. It is an autonomous institute fully funded by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The institute has been recognized as a...

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Alluri Sitaramaraju Academy of Medical Sciences

Eluru , Andhra Pradesh, India

Alluri Sitaramaraju Academy of Medical Sciences (ASRAM), Godavari was established in 1999, as a non profit society and is named after the famous patriot Alluri Sitaramaraju. The Medical College was started with b achelor of Medicine,...

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Amala Institute of Medical Sciences

Thrissur, Kerala, India

Amala Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), Thrissur established in 1978, is a multi-disciplinary medical network of pedagogical, therapeutic, research and outreach programs. An AIMS is affiliated to Kerala University of Health...

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Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Kochi, Kerala, India

Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Kochi was established in 1998 to provide affordable medical care in a patient–friendly atmosphere and in a spirit of compassion, previously beyond the reach of the common...

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Amrita School of Medicine, Coimbatore

Kochi, Kerala, India

Amrita School of Medicine (ASM), Coimbatore was established in 2002 by Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Devi, Amma. The school offers the best education in an environment that supports the practice of new skills as well as an individual...

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Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University (AVVU), Coimbatore was established in 1994 as a School of Engineering ans later it became a University in 2003 under the aegis of Mata Amritanandamayi Math. The University is a multi-campus,...

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