Cardiology is a division of medicine which deals with the diagnosis and treatment related to heart disorders. Therefore a doctor who plans to practice cardiology first goes through the in-house medicine residency program and then attends the fellowships program to obtain more specialized training and practice in the field of cardiology.

When a student completes a certain course in cardiology,  he becomes eligible to become a cardiologist. These professionals offer treatments for heart failure, valvular heart disease, inborn heart defects and electrophysiology.  They perform different diagnostic tests to examine heart condition. Radiology studies, cardiac catheterization, stress tests, electrocardiograms are few areas that a cardiologist mainly focuses on.

Cardio-thoracic surgeons are those who do open heart surgery, and they complete a surgical residency program, not an in-house medicine residency as cardiologists do. As the number of heart patients is rising day by day, there is much scope for these professionals.

Cardiology is a rapidly growing field due to the constant technological and pharmaceutical advancements introduced by researchers and scientists in this field.

Teaching and Guidance for Cardiologists: -

Interns start their training as a cardiologist which includes 4 years of medical schooling and 3 years of residency training. After finishing the in-house medical residency program, a prospective cardiologist might enter into one of the various different types of cardiology fellowships program. The duration of a cardiology fellowships program is 2-3 years depending on the type of fellowship.

Role of a Cardiologist: -

A cardiologist supports doctors in analyzing and dealing with cardiovascular or circulatory illness and disorders.  A cardiologist is a medical doctor who cures diseases related to heart and defects by offering preventive care and analysis of cardiovascular system.

There are different types of cardiologists – some focus more on diagnosis, prevention, and medications, while other cardiologists are more procedure-oriented, performing angioplasties and other life-saving operations.

Few courses offered under Cardiologist: -


  • Diploma in Cardiology
  • Diploma in Cardiac Laboratory Technology
  • Diploma in Cardio Vascular Technology
  • Master of Science in Cardio logical nursing
  • Doctor of Medicine in Cardiology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Community Cardiology

Basic Eligibility



For admission into bachelor's degree a student must have passed 10+2 exam with biology, chemistry and physics. Student will also have to appear for the competitive entrance exam. The student will enter the 5½ years MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) course. This includes the one-year internship period as well.



For admission into the PG programs in cardiology a student should have a MBBS degree. On completion of the program, students should attend an entrance exam in order to get admissions to the PG program.

Job Prospects

If you're interested in the sector of cardiology and finding jobs in cardiology or careers in cardiovascular health, one may opt from a wide range of education, skill and income levels.

Cardiologists can look for a career in public as well as in private sector. They can be employed as doctors in hospitals or lecturers in medical colleges. Those who are willing to do research work related to heart can also do the same and become scientists in cardiology.

Pay package: -

For a fresher who joins government hospital can start their earnings from Rs.15,000 per month. Whereas in private hospitals or other healthcare institutes, the salary ranges from Rs.15,000 to Rs.20,000 per month. Senior cardiologists and surgeons earn more than Rs.40,000 per month.

By working for a pharmaceutical companies in government and private research and development labs he/she can earn in the range of Rs.30,000 to Rs.50,000 per month, that may also go to as high as a lakh per month. A reputed cardiac surgeon can earn about 1.5 lakh a day.

Medical Colleges for Cardiology

A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Mangalore, Karnataka, India

A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre (AJIMSRC), Mangalore was established in 2002 under the aegis of Laxmi Memorial Education Trust. The institute has been accredited by National Accreditation Board for Hospitals &...

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All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

New Delhi, Delhi, India

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi was established in 1956 as an autonomous institution through an Act of Parliament, to serve as a nucleus for nurturing excellence in all aspect of health care. The Institute was...

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Amala Institute of Medical Sciences

Thrissur, Kerala, India

Amala Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), Thrissur established in 1978, is a multi-disciplinary medical network of pedagogical, therapeutic, research and outreach programs. An AIMS is affiliated to Kerala University of Health...

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Amrita Institute of Medical Science

Kochi, Kerala, India

Amrita Institute of Medical Science (AIMS), Kochi was established in 1998. AIMS is part of the Health Sciences campus of Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University). AIMS brings together a dedicated team of physicians, nurses and...

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Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Kochi, Kerala, India

Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Kochi was established in 1998 to provide affordable medical care in a patient–friendly atmosphere and in a spirit of compassion, previously beyond the reach of the common...

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Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University (AVVU), Coimbatore was established in 1994 as a School of Engineering ans later it became a University in 2003 under the aegis of Mata Amritanandamayi Math. The University is a multi-campus,...

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Armed Forces Medical College

Pune, Maharashtra, India

Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune was established in 1948 by an act of parliament of India on the recommendations of the BC Roy Committee by the amalgamation of various defense medical organizations. The college is managed by...

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Assam Medical College

Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Assam Medical College (AMC), Dibrugarh was established in 1947, is one of the premier and oldest medical institutes of the NE region of India. The college is affiliated to Srimanta Sankaradeva University of Health Sciences &...

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Burdwan Medical College

Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan was established in 1969 by the University of Burdwan under the style Burdwan University Medical College. It was taken over by the Government of West Bengal in 1976 and renamed as Burdwan Medical College....

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Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College & Sassoon Hospital

Pune, Maharashtra, India

Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College & Sassoon Hospital (BJGMC&SH), Pune was established in 1871 as B.J. Govt. Medical School which was later upgraded to B.J. Medical College in 1946. It is affiliated to Maharashtra...

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