A recent survey on higher education in India reveals that Schedule Tribes (STs) and Scheduled Castes (SCs) are lagging behind. The survey shows that Gross Enrolment Ration (GER) has reached to about 20% but the number of students enrolled at private unaided colleges is the least.
The final figures of survey are expected to cross the spectrum by year end. But the temporary data for SCs/STs is a cause of concern. Only 10.2% SC students enroll at present of which 10.3% are males and 10.1% females. The situation of STs is the worst with a poor GER of 4.4%; 4.3% male students and 4.6% females.
The poor GER of SCs/STs shows that their ratio as teachers at colleges and universities is also very less. Only 2.9% of teachers belong to ST and 7.4% are SCs.
However, OBCs (Other Backward Classes) have registered respectable figures. Though for the past five years central government institutes and many other state government institutes have been providing reservation for OBCs, they registered an enrollment ratio of 27.1%. The enrollment ratio of OBCs as teachers in higher education institutes also stands as high as 23.3%.
The survey that required all institutes to update their information on a website has till now received data from over 450 out of 621 universities, nearly 1800 of 4118 technical institutes, 9000 of 27468 colleges and 2000 of 5268 standalone institutes. Till now among the educational institutes that have provided information 9% of the colleges and 1% of the university are only for girls. Moreover, 17% of the total enrollment is through distance education mode.
Temporary data has revealed that out of the participating institutes, 48% of the colleges, 36% of the universities and 56% of standalone institutes are situated in remote areas. Also, 22% of the responding colleges belong to government sector and 57% under the private sector. For standalone institutes – nursing colleges, teacher training and polytechnics – 64% of the responding institutes come under private management.
Source: Times of India
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