The Union Ministry of HRD on April 3, released the third edition of the National Institutioal Ranking Framework (NIRF) in New Delhi by the Minister, Prakash Javadekar. An estimated 2,809 institutions have taken part in the Framework in nine categories such as Overall, Universities, Engineering, Colleges, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architechture and Law. The Ministry have also made the Government run institutions to take part in the Framework as mandatory.
According to the revised ranking by NIRF, this year, the National Law School of India University (NLSIU) Bangalore was leading the list as India's top most law universities under the law category, which was followed by the National Law University Delhi and NLUSAR. What is more, this was the first time that architecture, medical and law colleges were ranked by the HRD Ministry.
The rankings were released at an event at the Vigyan Bhavan, Delhi and overall IISc, second time in a row, has been adjudged the best higher educational institute followed by IIT Madras and IIT Bombay. Among the top 10 institutes in the overall category was IISc, six IITs in Madras, Bombay, Delhi, Kharagpur, Kanpur and Roorkee, JNU, BHU and Anna University in Chennai.
The HRD Ministry has made participation by public institutions in the national institutional ranking framework (NIRF) mandatory from next year, Javadekar announced today. “And, those public institutions which will not take part in it will face fund cut,” the human resource development (HRD) minister said.
Here are the top 10 law colleges in India
1) National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
2) National Law University, New Delhi
3) Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
4) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
5) National Law University, Jodhpur
6) Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
7) The West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences, Kolkata
8) Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
10) Dr BR Ambedkar College of Law, Visakhapatnam
In the third edition of the rankings, a total of 2,809 institutions have participated in nine categories — overall, universities, engineering, colleges, management, pharmacy, medical, architecture and law. Collectively they have submitted 3,954 distinct profiles, some in multiple disciplines/categories. This includes 301 universities, 906 engineering institutions, 487 management institutions, 286 pharmacy institutions, 71 law institutions, 101 medical institutions, 59 architecture institutions and 1087 general degree colleges.
The selected universities will enjoy unprecedented administrative and financial autonomy in a slew of matters, such as freedom to admit foreign students up to 30% of admitted students; recruit foreign faculty up to 25% of faculty strength; offer online courses up to 20% of its programmes and enter into academic collaboration with top 500 ranked institutions in the world without permission of the University Grants Commission, it said. What is more, they will also be free to fix and charge fees from foreign students without restriction besides having flexibility of course structure in terms of number of credit hours and years to take a degree as well as complete flexibility in fixing of curriculum and syllabus.
The Union HRD Ministry has made is mandatory for public institutions to participate in the ranking from next year. Emphasizing that the Ministry was serious, the portfolio Minister Prakash Javadekar said, “Those public institutions which will not take part in it will face fund cuts.” Apart from government institutions, National Board of Accreditation sources said a large number of private higher education institutions, who were not part of the process earlier, have joined the rankings this year.
With the stated purpose of making the process more transparent, NIRF has outlined its methodology to rank institutions pan India, drawing from a general understanding of the overall recommendations arrived at by a core committee set up by HRD ministry, the report said.
Five broad parameters were established are as follows:
- Teaching, Learning & Resources: This includes student strength including doctoral students; faculty-student ratio with emphasis on permanent faculty; combined metric for faculty with PhD (or equivalent) and experience; and total budget and its utilisation.
- Research and Professional Practice: This includes combined metric for publications; combined metric for quality of publications; IPR and patents: filed, published, granted and licensed (IPR); and footprint of projects and professional practice and executive development programs (FPPP). To promote R&D in higher education, this parameter was given the highest weightage of 40%
- Graduation Outcomes: This comprises combined percentage for placement, higher studies and entrepreneurship (GPHE); metric for university examinations; median salary; metric for graduating students admitted into top universities; and metric for number of Ph.D. students graduated.
- Outreach and Inclusivity: Includes percentage of students from other states/countries (region diversity); percentage of women on campus; economically and socially challenged students; and facilities for physically challenged students.
- Perception: Includes peer perception in terms of employers and research investors, academics and competitiveness.
Even though these parameters appear comprehensive, institutions have raised objections in connection with the methodology they claim the process lacks transparency. They also feel the parameters are not comparable in different types of institutions. Some institutes feel the rankings go against the grain of their perceived reputations. They also claim government institutes get preferential treatment. Globally, ranking agencies are usually independent. In India, however, the NIRF is backed by the government’s Ministry for Human Resource Development.
NIRF is the sole national ranking framework for India's higher education institutions. The Framework was instituted by the Union Government in 2016. During the first year, there were only four categories of educational institutions such as Engineering, Universities, Management and Pharmacy. The very next year, NIRF added two more categories college and overall. What is more, from this year, another three categories such as Medical and Dental Colleges (Single Category), Law and Architecture, thus making it a total of nine categories. Last year, NIRF received around 3,000 applications and this year the number of applications has increased to 4,000.