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Free Online Preparation for CAT with Minglebox e-CAT Prep. Cover basic concepts of Sentence Completion under Verbal Ability for MBA Entrance Exam Preparation with Study material, solved examples and tests prepared by CAT coaching experts.

 

Sentence completion is an exercise to test the logical flow of information. The questions have become like a regular fixture in CAT as experienced in last 2-3 years. Sentence completion as an exercise test many aspects of candidates’ logical ability. Some of the qualities tested are

  • Ability to judge flow of information.

  • Ability to understand the tone of the paragraph.

  • Ability to understand the subject of the paragraph.

These types of the questions are one of the simplest yet very difficult to approach. This unique feature of these questions has made them a regular entry in the CAT paper.

 

How to Solve?

 

Now solving sentence completion require a great degree of judgment and an eye to catch the tone of the paragraph. We have to understand that the tone gives the direction to the subject and plays a big role in defining the flow of information. Now the best thing would be solve one question to clarify the modus operandi for sentence completion

The audiences for crosswords and sudoku, understandably, overlap greatly, but there are differences, too. A crossword attracts a more literary person, while sudoku appeals to a keenly logical mind. Some crossword enthusiasts turn up their noses at sudoku because they feel it lacks depth. A good crossword requires vocabulary, knowledge, mental flexibility and sometimes even a sense of humor to complete. It touches numerous areas of life and provides an "Aha!" or two along the way.

  1. Sudoku, on the other hand, is just a logical exercise, each one similar to the last.
  2. Sudoku, incidentally, is growing faster in popularity than crosswords, even among the literati.
  3. Sudoku, on the other hand, can be attempted and enjoyed even by children.
  4. Sudoku, however, is not exciting in any sense of the term

 

Solution

 

After reading the paragraph we can easily make out that the purpose of the paragraph of is to glorify crosswords. Author appears to be a very ardent fan of crosswords and does not like Sudoko. He feels crossword appeals to literary and logical mind. Author has give benefits of the crossword in the passage and has given no opportunity to sudoko to defend its position. Now we will move towards the options. Option 1 gives out the inherent weakness of the Sudoko. This appears to be in flow with the information offered in the passage. Option 2 states that Sudoko is getting popular even among literati. Now the tone is not bring out the disconformities of the data. So the flow of this sentence is not in accordance with subject of the paragraph. Option 3 narrows down to children only. But main paragraph never tried to categorize the followers as adults and children. Option 4 is takes a extreme stance that Sudoko is not exciting in any terms but this is not true as author himself agrees that Sudoko is popular among some people. So option 4 is also wrong. Hence the best answer is option 1.

 

Solved Examples

Question

 

Federer’s fifth grand slam win prompted a reporter to ask whether he was the best ever. Federer is certainly not lacking in confidence, but he wasn’t about to proclaim himself the best ever. “The best player of this generation, yes”, he said, “But nowhere close to ever. Just look at the records that some guys have. I’m a minnow.”

  1. His win against Agassi, a genius from the previous generation, contradicts that.
  2. Sampras, the king of an earlier generation, was as humble.
  3. He is more than a minnow to his contemporaries.
  4. The difference between ‘the best of this generation’ and ‘the best ever’ is a matter of perception.

Solution

 

In The question we can say that Author wants to put forward the weather Fedrer is the best player ever. Fedrer is confident yet modest in his claims. He feels he is no where close to the best ever. At the same time he is confident enough to accept he is best player of this generation. Now option 1 talks about Fedrer defeating Andre Agassi. This shows that author want to conclude that Fedrer is best ever. This does not go with the subject of the option. It is trying to answer the question that Fedrer is best ever but we can’t conclude it that way. Option 2 talks about the humility which is in no way related to the subject. Option 3 strengthens the main subject and goes with the flow of the sentence. Option 4 takes the debate out of the scope. Answer is therefore, 3

 

Question

 

Most people at their first consultation take a furtive look at the surgeon’s hands in the hope of reassurance. Prospective patients look for delicacy, sensitivity, steadiness, perhaps unblemished pallor. On this basis, Henry Perowne loses a number of cases each year. Generally, he knows it’s about to happen before the patient does: the downward glance repeated, the prepared questions beginning to falter, the over-emphatic thanks during the retreat to the door.

  1. Other people do not communicate due to their poor observation.
  2. Other patients don’t like what they see but are ignorant of their right to go elsewhere.
  3. But Perowne himself is not concerned.
  4. But others will take their place, he thought.
  5. These hands are steady enough, but they are large.

Solution

 

The subject of the question is that Henry Powne knows that patients are not going to come back but he takes no step to win the confidence of the patient. So author wants to say that he is not concerned about losing the patients. So the answer should be 3

 

Question

 

Trade protectionism, disguised as concern for the climate, is raising its head. Citing competitiveness concerns, powerful industrialized countries are holding out threats of a levy on imports of energy-intensive products from developing countries that refuse to accept their demands. The actual source of protectionist sentiment in the OECD countries is, of course, their current lackluster economic performance, combined with the challenges posed by he rapid economic rise of China and India – in that order.

  1. Climate change is evoked to bring trade protectionism through the back door.
  2. OECD countries are taking refuge in climate change issues to erect trade barriers against these two countries.
  3. Climate change concerns have come as a convenient stick to beat the rising trade power of China and India.
  4. Defenders of the global economic status quo are posing as climate change champions.
  5. Today’s climate change champions are the perpetrators of global economic inequity.

Solution

 

In this question, subject is developed countries are trying to pose hurdles in the path of developing countries by raking the issue of climate change. Option 2 and 3 are very narrow as they talk only about India and China. Option E is changing the subject of paragraph. Option 1 claims that climate change is allowed through backdoor but, trade protection is entering through backdoor and not climate change. Hence, option 4 is the best option. As talks about the subject clearly

 

 

Refresher Test - Sentence completion Launch Test Discuss

Practice Test - Sentence completion Launch Test Discuss

Comments Add Comment

dragonsniper : plz xplain

jones8372 : hey the last question. the option 1 says trade protectionism is allowed through back door. ur explanation is contradictory when u say it means climate change is brought in through backdoor,

nivedita906 : can u plz provide some more tests like these....

suraj9748 : too good..thanx a ton for this fine brush up

adam7895 : good work but i wanna know that material gets updated or remains the same .

ramesh1718 : thank u for providing good test for me.....

viral7478 : very good site thnx a lot
we need more such websites

raj5875 : Answer to last question is wrong according to me. Option1 clearly states that trade protectionism is allowed through back door and not climate change. We are not talking about defending status quo here. Option1 is more relevant.

kondapalli9352 : thank you for you providing this type of website for us

puneet1171 : please proide the explaination 2.

giri5927 : great work guys! i think the answers given in sentence completion and sentence correction contradict each other..please look in to that......[refresher tests]

gajera1479 : provide live demo also1