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Free Online Preparation for CAT with Minglebox e-CAT Prep. Cover basic concepts of Sentence Correction under Verbal Ability for MBA Entrance Exam Preparation with Study material, solved examples and tests prepared by CAT coaching experts.

 

Sentence correction is considered to be most challenging exercise by the students writing CAT. Reasons for this are simple to find, firstly, the grammar we study is mostly theory and the practice questions are not at the level of CAT. Secondly, we hardly study grammar. Thirdly, we lack good reading habits.

 

How to solve sentence correction?

 

One should go through the question sentence properly and try to figure out the problem in the sentence. There are some common errors namely

  • article error,

  • subject verb agreement error,

  • verb tense error,

  • modifier error,

  • parallelism,

  • idiom and phrase use error

  • pronoun error etc.

 

These are some of the most common errors that are tested in the examination. It is possible that at times one may not be able to find any problem at all. In such a case, the candidate should read all the options properly and try to figure out the problems by identifying differences in the options. Also important here is to mention that sentences should carry logic and wrong sentences hardly carry any logic.

 

An example

 

Of all the countries contiguous to China, the Soviet Union's borders were the most strongly defended.

  1.  the Soviet Union's borders were the most strongly defended
  2. the borders of the Soviet Union were defended more strongly than any of the others
  3. the Soviet Union's borders stood out for the strength of their defensive capabilities
  4. the Soviet Union had the most strongly defended borders
  5. the Soviet Union's were the borders most strongly defended

 

Solution

 

Now in this question we can see that modifier says that of the all the countries contiguous to China and the takes up The Soviet Union’s border. This is wrong it should be Soviet Union and not Soviet Union’s border as border is not country. In this way A,C and E are out of question. In B and D, D communicates the meaning precisely and is idiomatic in construction. So (4) is the answer.

 

Solved Examples

Question

 

 A prolific architect who worked from the turn of the century until the late 1950’s,   Julia Morgan designed nearly 800 buildings in California, perhaps most notably William Randolph Hearst’s monumental estate at San Simeon .

  1. Julia Morgan designed nearly 800 buildings in California, perhaps most notably William Randolph Hearst’s monumental estate at San Simeon
  2. perhaps the most notable of the nearly 800 buildings in California designed by Julia Morgan was William Randolph Hearst’s monumental estate at San Simeon
  3. of the nearly 800 buildings in California designed by Julia Morgan, perhaps the most notable was William Randolph Hearst’s monumental estate at San Simeon
  4. nearly 800 buildings in California were designed by Julia Morgan, of which William Randolph Hearst’s monumental estate at San Simeon is perhaps the most notable
  5. William Randolph Hearst’s monumental estate at San Simeon is perhaps the most notable of the nearly 800 buildings in California designed by Julia Morgan

Solution

 

(1)is the best answer. The modifier is aimed at the person not her achievements or contributions nor at the buildings she designed. None of the options but A adhere to this condition .

 

 Question

 

A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is   whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are   trimmed.

  1. whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are
  2. whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are
  3. whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns have been
  4. if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns are
  5. if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals’ horns have been

Solution

 

(3)  is the best answer. Options A and B use the pronoun their incorrectly as it does not have a clear precedent. On conditional statements whether is always preferred over if so 
D and E will not be preferred
.

 

Question

 

A peculiar feature of the embryonic mammalian circulatory system is that in the area of the heart the cells adhere to one another, beating in unison and adopting   specialized orientations exclusive of one another.

  1. beating in unison and adopting
  2. they beat in unison while adopting
  3. beat in unison, and adopt
  4. beating in unison yet adopting
  5. even though they beat in unison and adopt

Solution

 

Note that in the initial part of the sentence the author mentions the word peculiar. So, his intent is to show a deviation or a contrast. Option A correctly introduces the contrast but is not able to highlight it properly. Option B introduces non-parallel structures and option C is not able to produce the contrast. Option E brings together two separate aspects in one and thus eliminates the possibility of a contrast. Thus, the right ans. is (4)


Question

 

A President entering the final two years of a second term is   likely to be at a severe disadvantage and is often unable to   carry out a legislative program.

  1. Likely to be at a severe disadvantage and is often unable to
  2. Likely severely disadvantaged and often unable to
  3. Liable to be severely disadvantaged and cannot often
  4. Liable that he or she is at a severe disadvantage and cannot often
  5. At a severe disadvantage, often likely to be unable that he or she can

Solution

 

The best ans. is (1) It is mandatory to use a to be verb with likely and more often than not the verb is to be itself. So option B is out. The word liable removes the element of uncertainty and makes the situation firm. This is not the original intention of the author. So option C and D are out. Option E suffers from awkwardness.

 

 

 

 

Refresher Test - Sentence Correction Launch Test Discuss

Practice Test - Sentence Correction Launch Test Discuss
Sentence Correction - 1 Launch Test Discuss
Sentence Correction - 2 Launch Test Discuss
Sentence Correction - 3 Launch Test Discuss

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