Free Online Preparation for CAT with Minglebox e-CAT Prep. Cover basic concepts of Verbal Analogy under Verbal Ability for MBA Entrance Exam Preparation with Study material, solved examples and tests prepared by CAT coaching experts.
Analogies are the set of questions which ask you determine the relationship between a pair of stem words and find the same relationship in one of the answer pairs. The question of analogy is normally presented as abc:pqr::def:pqr. Here the colon (:) should mean “is to” and double colon (::) means “ as”.
Now we can see that relationship given is the set of words, skyscraper and shack. A skyscraper is large building which is tall and modern. A shack is a small structure. So the relation ship is between large and small. Taking up the options we can see that elevator and escalator can not be the relation large and small. So is the case with the house and building. Any house is building. Third option deals with village as a modern version of town. Now this is again wrong. Option four offers the relationship between jetliner and the biplane. Jetliner is a large and modern version of biplane so the relationship is established. Option five gives chimney and fireplace. Both of these are not bound by the relation of large and modern.
So the key of any analogy question is to define the relationship that stem can offer. One has to first understand the relationship between the stem and try to reflect the same relationship in the answer.
Now when one is attempting the question of analogy, he /she should keep the following in mind.
Common relationships that are tested in the examinations are
Type of. For example, Football: Sport. Here football is a type of sport.
Definition. Hazard : Risk
Opposites. Headstrong : Nimble feet
Lack of. Pauper : Money
Same idea. Persuasive : convincing
Extremes. Drenched : Parched
Subset to set. Fleet : Ship
Job related pairs. Building : Mason, Surgery : Incision
These are some of the varieties of analogies that are tested. The best way to master these is to practice analogy while observing the relationship. Second thing that should be remembered is that noun and verb offer different relationships and one must understand the relationship on the basis of noun and verb as well.
PRESERVE : MORATORIUM ::
tyrannize : revolt
shade : tree
solve : problem
accumulate : collection
cover : eclipse
A moratorium is an official halt or cessation of an activity. One possible purpose, or use, of a moratorium is to preserve (for instance, to preserve an endangered animal species). Similarly, one possible use of a tree is to shade . The second answer choice is the best response.
The first answer choice: Is one possible use of a revolt to tyrannize ? No. The purpose of a revolt might be to stop tyranny (which means "oppressive rule").
The third answer choice: Is one possible use of a problem to solve ? No.
The fourth answer choice: Is one possible use of a collection to accumulate ? No. The relationship between these two words is just the opposite: One possible purpose of accumulating is to form a collection.
The fifth answer choice: Is one possible use of an eclipse to cover ? No. Covering is part of the definition of eclipse.