Botany essentially deals with scientific study of plant life and development. In India, botany is one of the most preferred science subjects. Botany includes a wide variety of scientific disciplines which study fungi, algae, plants, diseases, growth, metabolism and structure between different groups.

The person dealing with the study of botany is known as a botanist. The job of a botanist involves studying plant life as well as finding possible solutions to forestry and agricultural problems.

Botanists also deal with space travel agriculture, artificial environments, hydroponics and various other interesting areas of research. Hence, a career in botany may be highly rewarding for those who are allured with the aesthetic beauty of nature and flora.

Few courses offered under Botany: -


  • Bachelor of Science in Botany
  • Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Botany
  • Master of Science in Botany
  • Master of Science in Botany and Forestry
  • Master of Science in Applied Botany
  • Master of Science in Herbal Science
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Medico botany
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Plant Biodiversity

Basic Eligibility



For admission in a bachelor’s degree program a student must pass higher secondary education or 10+2 with biology, chemistry and physics as the main subject and minimum of 55%-60% marks from any Institute/university. The duration of the program is of 3 years.



For admission into master’s degree program a student must have a bachelor’s degree in the relevant subject. The duration of the program is of 2 years.


Few specializations under Botany: -


  • Phytochemistry
  • Forestry
  • Plant morphology
  • Bryology
  • Ethnobotany
  • Phycology
  • Cytology
  • Genetics
  • Phytopathology
  • Plant anatomy
  • Plant physiology
  • Agronomy
  • Horticulture
  • Lichenology
  • Economic botany
  • Palynology
  • Palaeobotany
  • Plant ecology
  • Plant genetics
  • Plant systematics

Job Prospects

After achieving a bachelor’s degree in botany, an individual can work as a biological technician, whereas a post graduate degree holder in botany makes him/her eligible for choosing a career in teaching or to take up research work in any well-known university.

Moreover, one can join any reputed organization as plant explorers, conservationists, ecologists, environment consultants, horticulturist, plant biochemist, nursery manager, genetics, molecular biologist, taxonomist, plant pathologist, environmental consultant and farming consultant.

Few job titles: -


  • Mycologist
  • Administrators
  • Ecologist
  • Fruit Growers
  • Plant Biochemist
  • Forester
  • Researchers

Few job sectors: -


  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Seed And Nursery Companies
  • Plant Resources Laboratory
  • Educational Institutions
  • Plant Health Inspection Services
  • Oil Industry
  • Arboretum
  • Forest Services
  • Land Management Agencies
  • National Parks
  • Chemical Industry
  • Food Companies
  • Biological Supply Houses

Pay package: -

Pay scale in this field is very high, but the pay scales varies for a botanist in the private and government sector. The pay scale depends on the factors such as qualification, designation, experience and skills of an individual. Those who want to start their career as a teacher or researcher can expect a salary ranging from Rs18,000 to Rs.20,000 per month.


For those working in other sectors can initially earn a salary in between Rs.15,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month and the salary might reach up to Rs.80,000 per month depending on the above factors.

Science Colleges for Botany

A.A. Govt. Arts College for Men

Tamil Nadu, India

A.A. Govt. Arts College for Men, Namakkal was established in 1969. The institute provides practical exposure to their students, which helps them in acquiring in depth knowledge in study. The college is affiliated to Periyar University....

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A.B.N. Seal College

Cooch Behar, West Bengal, India

A.B.N. Seal College (ABNSC), Cooch Behar was established in 1888 by Maharaja Nripendra Narayan, an enthusiast in expanding learning in this region. First the college was founded in the bustling central hub of the town of Cooch Behar....

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A.V. Kanthamma College for Women

Hassan, Karnataka, India

A. V. Kanthamma College for Women, Hassan is a premier center of higher learning in the western Malnad region of Karnataka. Malnad Technical Education Society (MTES) launched the college in a humble way in July 1966, just with 123...

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A.V.C. College

Mannampandal, Tamil Nadu, India

A.V.C. College (A.V.C.C), Mannampandal was established in 1955. It ia an autonomous college accredited by NAAC and recognized by UGC. The college aims at giving opportunities to teachers and students to make innovations utilizing their...

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A.V.Postgraduate College - Hyderabad

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

A.V.College of Arts, Science & Commerce, Hyderabad started in the year 1968 by A.V.Education Society for meeting the growing needs of higher education in the region. The college owes its existence to the initiative and untiring...

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A.V.V.M Sri Pushpam College

Poondi, Tamil Nadu, India

A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (AVVMSPC), Poondi was established in 1956 with a far-sighted vision of educating the rural masses; the motto of the college is 'to learn and to serve'. The college has been re-accredited with grade 'A'...

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Abhayapuri College

Bongaigaon, Assam, India

Abhayapuri College, Abhayapuri was established in 1955. The college is accredited by NAAC with 'B' grade, affiliated permanently to Gauhati University and recognized by UGC. The college is one of the oldest colleges in Assam well-known...

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Acharya Nagarjuna University

Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Acharya Nagarjuna University (ANU), Guntur was established in 1976 by the former President of India, Sri Fakruddin The University was established by Act 43 of 1976 of A.P. State Legislature and Governed by Act 4 of 1991 covering 6...

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Acharya Nagarjuna University Centre for Distance Education

Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Acharya Nagarjuna University Centre for Distance Education (ANU CDE), Guntur was established as part of Acharya Nagarjuna University to impart distance learning programs in various fields. The centre of distance learning offers quality...

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Acharya Nagarjuna University College of Science

Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Acharya Nagarjuna University College of Science (ANUCS), Guntur is a part of Acharya Nagarjuna University. It was established in 1992. Acharya Nagarjuna University since then has grown into a large University with 39 Academic...

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