Botany essentially deals with scientific study of plant life and development. In India, botany is one of the most preferred science subjects. Botany includes a wide variety of scientific disciplines which study fungi, algae, plants, diseases, growth, metabolism and structure between different groups.

The person dealing with the study of botany is known as a botanist. The job of a botanist involves studying plant life as well as finding possible solutions to forestry and agricultural problems.

Botanists also deal with space travel agriculture, artificial environments, hydroponics and various other interesting areas of research. Hence, a career in botany may be highly rewarding for those who are allured with the aesthetic beauty of nature and flora.

Few courses offered under Botany: -


  • Bachelor of Science in Botany
  • Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Botany
  • Master of Science in Botany
  • Master of Science in Botany and Forestry
  • Master of Science in Applied Botany
  • Master of Science in Herbal Science
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Medico botany
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Plant Biodiversity

Basic Eligibility



For admission in a bachelor’s degree program a student must pass higher secondary education or 10+2 with biology, chemistry and physics as the main subject and minimum of 55%-60% marks from any Institute/university. The duration of the program is of 3 years.



For admission into master’s degree program a student must have a bachelor’s degree in the relevant subject. The duration of the program is of 2 years.


Few specializations under Botany: -


  • Phytochemistry
  • Forestry
  • Plant morphology
  • Bryology
  • Ethnobotany
  • Phycology
  • Cytology
  • Genetics
  • Phytopathology
  • Plant anatomy
  • Plant physiology
  • Agronomy
  • Horticulture
  • Lichenology
  • Economic botany
  • Palynology
  • Palaeobotany
  • Plant ecology
  • Plant genetics
  • Plant systematics

Job Prospects

After achieving a bachelor’s degree in botany, an individual can work as a biological technician, whereas a post graduate degree holder in botany makes him/her eligible for choosing a career in teaching or to take up research work in any well-known university.

Moreover, one can join any reputed organization as plant explorers, conservationists, ecologists, environment consultants, horticulturist, plant biochemist, nursery manager, genetics, molecular biologist, taxonomist, plant pathologist, environmental consultant and farming consultant.

Few job titles: -


  • Mycologist
  • Administrators
  • Ecologist
  • Fruit Growers
  • Plant Biochemist
  • Forester
  • Researchers

Few job sectors: -


  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Seed And Nursery Companies
  • Plant Resources Laboratory
  • Educational Institutions
  • Plant Health Inspection Services
  • Oil Industry
  • Arboretum
  • Forest Services
  • Land Management Agencies
  • National Parks
  • Chemical Industry
  • Food Companies
  • Biological Supply Houses

Pay package: -

Pay scale in this field is very high, but the pay scales varies for a botanist in the private and government sector. The pay scale depends on the factors such as qualification, designation, experience and skills of an individual. Those who want to start their career as a teacher or researcher can expect a salary ranging from Rs18,000 to Rs.20,000 per month.


For those working in other sectors can initially earn a salary in between Rs.15,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month and the salary might reach up to Rs.80,000 per month depending on the above factors.

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