Microbiology is a part of science which deals with the study of microorganisms. It is a division of biology which includes the study related to mycology, bacteriology, virology and other fields as well. The microorganism studied are protozoa, algae, bacteria and fungi. These organisms are very small and are not visible through naked eyes. Usually, microbiology includes the study of immunology or immune system.

Microorganisms are useful for agriculture, subsurface pollution in soils, marine environments and industrial wastes. Those who are specialist in microbiology are known as microbiologists. Though,  microbiology is considered as a research oriented field, microbiologists investigate and discover the existence of organisms and the affect to our lives.

Few courses offered under Microbiology: -


  • Bachelor of Science in Applied Microbiology
  • Bachelor of Science in Clinical Microbiology
  • Bachelor of Science in Industrial Microbiology
  • Bachelor of Science in Microbiology
  • Bachelor of Science in Food Technology
  • Master of Science in Applied Microbiology
  • Master of Science in Medical Microbiology
  • Master of Science in Microbiology
  • Master of Science in Microbial Genetics and Bioinformatics

Basic Eligibility



For admission into bachelor’s degree program a student must pass higher secondary education or 10+2 with biology or mathematics as subject and minimum of 55%-60% marks from any Institute/university. The duration of the program is of 3 years.




For admission into master’s degree program a student must have a bachelor’s degree in the relevant subject. The duration of the program is of 2 years.


Few specializations under microbiology: -


  • Industrial Microbiology
  • Nano Microbiology
  • Cellular Microbiology
  • Agricultural Microbiology
  • Veterinary Microbiology
  • Microbial
  • Evolutionary Microbiology
  • Water Microbiology
  • Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  • Environmental Microbiology
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Generation Microbiology
  • Microbial Genetics

Job Prospects

There are several job opportunities for those who want to pursue a career in microbiology. Microbiologists can find job opportunities in sectors such as government and private hospitals, food industries, research and development organizations, chemical industries and pharmaceutical industries They can also choose a career as science writer, who writes articles for professional microbiologists The salary for microbiologists differs on the factors such as qualification, experience and job profile.

Few job profiles: -


  • Biomedical scientists
  • Mycologists
  • Protozoologists
  • Biochemist
  • Biotechnologist
  • Analysts
  • Microbiologists
  • Cell Biologists
  • Geneticists
  • Immunologists
  • Parasitologists
  • Science Writer
  • Teachers
  • Virologists

Some Employment Areas: -


  • Laboratories
  • Private Hospitals
  • Research Organizations
  • Universities
  • Pharmaceutical Industries
  • Food Industry
  • Beverage Industry
  • Chemical Industries
  • Environmental Agencies
  • Agriculture Department

Pay Package: -

Those who are working in a government or private sector get handsome remuneration along with perks and other benefits which are revised time to time. Initially the salary for a fresher in this field starts from Rs12,000 to Rs20,000 per month.  For professionals who are working in pharmaceutical industry or biotech labs can draw a salary in between Rs15,000 to Rs25,000 per month.

Those who have MSc or Phd degree in microbiology can get a salary ranging from Rs30,000 to Rs60,000 per month in a reputed Industries. Those who are working in teaching profession can earn a salary of Rs15,000 to Rs20,000 per month The salary gets doubled with a experience of 2-3 years. The pay scale depends on the factors such as sector/industry, profile, eligibility and experience of the candidate.

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