No Indian institute of higher education features among the top 300 in the world, according to the global rating conducted by United States (US)-based education analysis and ranking website “US News”. Moreover, only four Indian institutes are in the list of the world’s top universities.
As per the survey, the Delhi University (DU), Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (IISc Bangalore), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay) and IIT Kharagpur have acquired the 316th, 323rd, 405th and the 484th ranks respectively. However, DU and IISc Bangalore, having bagged the 45th and 46th ranks respectively, are among the leading 50 across Asia. IIT Madras does not feature in the list.
Four out of the top five institutes in the Global Universities Ranking are located in the US. Harvard University is at the first position, followed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), University of California Berkeley and Stanford University. United Kingdom (UK)-based Oxford University is at fifth spot, followed by the Cambridge University, California Institute of Technology, University of California Los Angeles, University of Chicago and Columbia University.
US News has identified the top 500 institutes on the basis of 10 indicators which assess their academic research performance as well as regional and global reputations.
Institutes featuring among the top 200 according to the Thomson Reuters' Global Reputation Survey over the past five years have been considered for the ranking. The institutes also needed to be among such that published the highest number of articles in the past five years. The institutes were then rated on the basis of 10 indicators which included regional and global research reputation, total citations, normalized citation impact, publications, number and percentage of highly cited papers, total number of Doctors of Philosophy (PhDs) granted and number of PhDs awarded for each academic staff member as well as international collaboration.
According to IIT Madras officials, although rankings are important, the parameters often suit specific kinds of institutes, especially globally comprehensive ones, where almost half the students as well as faculty hail from other countries and where every subject is taught. However, since most of the IITs offer only engineering courses, their prospects in such surveys are limited. A lot of importance is assigned to internationalization and subjective opinion. The US News ranking grants 12.5% weightage to each of global research reputation as well as regional research reputation. Moreover, there are no comprehensive universities in India. For undergraduate (UG) education, India is largely reliant on the affiliated college system, added the officials.
In another related update, no Indian university features among the global top 200 list of institutes, according to the 2014 Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2014-15. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is striving to build an India-centric ranking of higher educational institutes by the 2015 academic year, in association with the IITs. The new method will cover the parameters of faculty-student ratio, employer reputation and might conduct an academic survey. The system will enable students assess the quality of Indian educational institutes, the officials added.
Source: The Times of India