GATE 2019 Syllabus for Chemical Engineering

About GATE 2019 –  In relevant branches of science, Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national level examination, and it is conducted to offer admission into M.Tech/M.Sc in engineering/ technology/ architecture and P.hD. GATE 2019 Mock Tests have been released. It has to be mentioned that, GATE 2019 is managed by the IIT.

Two categories have been divided into each of the GATE 2019 subjects. Overall, in regards to the core subjects, the corresponding sections (of the syllabus given below) of the question paper will contain 90% of their questions and the remaining 10% on Special Topics.

About Chemical Engineering

Transforming raw materials into useful products such as clothes, food and drink, and energy is termed as Chemical Engineering. Either focusing on improving existing processes or creating new ones, Chemical engineers concentrate on methods and products – they develop and design processes to build products. Chemical Engineers are also concerned with managing resources, protecting the environment and health and safety. Since it is such a broad discipline; Chemical engineers are sometimes called ‘universal engineers’ – they are mainly concerned with transforming one thing into another.


Syllabus for Gate 2019

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Systems of linear equations, Matrix algebra Eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Calculus: Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Taylor series, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one-dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation,  Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients.

Complex variables: a Polar form of a complex number, triangle inequality, Complex number

Probability and Statistics:  Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions, Linear regression analysis, Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation.

Numerical Methods:  Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule. Single and multi-step methods for numerical solution of differential equations Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations, Process Calculations and Thermodynamics

Gibb’s phase rule and degree of freedom analysis, Steady and unsteady state mass and energy balances including multiphase, multi-component, reacting and not -reacting systems. Use of tie components; recycle, bypass and purge calculations.

Thermodynamic properties of pure substances: Equation of State and residual properties, properties of mixtures: First and Second laws of thermodynamics. Applications of first law to close and open systems. Second law and Entropy. Partial molar properties, fugacity, excess properties and activity coefficients; phase equilibria: predicting VLE of systems; chemical reaction equilibrium.


Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations

Flow past immersed bodies including packed and fluidized beds, Turbulent flow: fluctuating velocity, universal velocity profile and pressure drop, Macroscopic friction factors, dimensional analysis and similitude, flow through pipeline systems, flow meters, pumps and compressors, elementary boundary layer theory, Fluid statics, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, shell-balances including differential form of Bernoulli equation and energy balance.

Size reduction and classification of solid particles; free and hindered settling; Particle size and shape, particle size distribution, centrifuge and cyclones; thickening and classification, filtration, agitation and mixing; conveying of solids.


Heat Transfer

Types of heat exchangers and evaporators and their process calculations; Design of double pipe, shell and tube heat exchangers, and single and multiple effect evaporators.Steady and unsteady heat conduction, convection and radiation, thermal boundary layer and heat transfer coefficients, boiling, condensation and evaporation.


Mass Transfer

Fick’s laws, molecular diffusion in fluids, mass transfer coefficients, film, penetration and surface renewal theories; momentum, heat and mass transfer analogies; design and operation of equipment for distillation, absorption, leaching, liquid-liquid extraction, drying, humidification, dehumidification and adsorption; stagewise and continuous contacting and stage efficiencies; HTU & NTU concepts.

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Theories of reaction rates;  residence time distribution, single parameter model; non-isothermal reactors; kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions; diffusion effects in catalysis; kinetics of homogeneous reactions, interpretation of kinetic data, single and multiple reactions in ideal reactors, non-ideal reactors;

Instrumentation and Process Control

Measurement of process variables; control valves; analysis of closed loop systems including stability, frequency response, controller tuning, cascade and feedforward control; sensors, transducers and their dynamics, process modeling and linearization, transfer functions and dynamic responses of various systems, systems with inverse response, process reaction curve, controller modes (P, PI, and PID);

Plant Design and Economics

Optimisation in process design and sizing of chemical engineering equipment such as compressors, heat exchangers, multistage contactors; Principles of process economics and cost estimation including depreciation and total annualised expense, cost indices, the rate of return, payback period, discounted cash flow

Chemical Technology

Natural products industries (Pulp and Paper, Sugar, Oil, and Fats); petroleum refining and petrochemicals; polymerisation industries (polyethene, polypropylene, PVC and polyester synthetic fibres); Inorganic chemical industries (sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, chlor-alkali industry), fertilisers (Ammonia, Urea, SSP and TSP)

Exam Pattern for GATE 2019
Section Question No No of Questions Marks per Question Total Marks
General Aptitude 1 to 5 5 1 5
6 to 10 5 2 10
Technical &  Engineering 1 to 25 25 1 25
Mathematics 26 to 55 30 2 60

Total Questions: 65

Total Marks: 100

Total Duration : 3 hours

Technical Section: 70 marks

General Aptitude: 15 marks

Engineering Mathematics: 15 marks

25 marks to 40 marks will be allotted to Numerical Answer Type Questions


Reference books for Chemical Engineering – GATE 2019

  • Chemical Engineering by Coulson &Richarddson’s
  • Chemical Process Design by Alexandre C. Dimian, CostinSorinBildea
  • Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics by J. M. Smith and H. C. Van Ness
  • Mass transfer operations by Robert.E.Treybal
  • Chemical Reaction Engineering by Octave Levenspiel
  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Dr R.K Bansal
  • Fluid Mechanics by Yunus A.Cengel
  • Outlines of Chemical – Technology by Charles E.Dryden
  • Process systems analysis and controls by Donald. R.Coughanowr
  • The Engineering of Chemical Reactions by L. D. Schmidt
  • Engineering Thermodynamics by Cengel A Boles
  • Industrial Instrumentation and Process Control by William C Dunn
  • Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer by G. K. Roy
  • Chemical Process Calculations by K. Asokan
  • Plant Design And Economics (3rd Edition) by Max Peters, Klaus Timmerhaus, Ronald Wett
  • Unit operations-I &II, Heat and Mass transfer by K.A.Gavhane

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