GATE 2019 Syllabus for Civil Engineering

About GATE 2019 –GATE 2019 exam is managed by the IIT, Madras manages GATE 2019 exam. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national level examination, and in relevant branches of science, it is conducted to offer admission into M.Tech/M.Sc in engineering/ technology/ architecture and P.hD. GATE 2019 Mock Tests have been released.

In each of the following subjects, the topics have been divided into two categories. On core topics, the corresponding sections of the question paper will contain 90% of their questions and the remaining 10% on Special Topics.

About Civil Engineering

After military engineering, Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline, and it is the oldest discipline.
Of the physically and naturally built buildings, it deals with the design, construction and maintenance.


Some of the major disciplines of Civil engineering

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Municipal Engineering
  • Coastal Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Water Resource Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Construction Engineering


Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Systems of linear equations; Matrix algebra; Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.

Calculus: Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient,  Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems ; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series;.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Solutions of one-dimensional diffusion equation; Fourier series; separation of variables; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Laplace transforms and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems; Euler-Cauchy equations; First order (linear and non-linear) equations.

Probability and Statistics: Conditional probability; Definitions of probability and sampling theorems;

Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Hypothesis testing.

Numerical Methods: Accuracy and precision; Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; error analysis. Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first-order differential equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation;

Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics: Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Kinematics of a point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work; Euler’s equations of motion;

Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Simple stress and strain relationships; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis: Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis; Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Method of superposition; Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Influence lines;

Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Tendering and construction contracts; Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Structural steel – composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Rate analysis and standard specifications.

Steel Structures: Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam-columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames; Working Stress and Limit state design concepts;


Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics: Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; One-dimensional consolidation, time rate of compression;  Seepage through soils – two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping ;Mohr’s circle, stress paths, active and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.

Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations – scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Deep foundations – types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction. Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Settlement analysis in sands and clays;


Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of the boundary layer and its growth; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations.

Hydraulics: Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow; Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude;

Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapotranspiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel path, surface run-off models, groundwater hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.

Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapotranspiration; Crop water requirements; Design of weirs on a permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways.


Environmental Engineering

Water and Waste Water: Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, the quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment; Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal; Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water; Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater;

Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.


Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure:  Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit

Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; taxiway design.


Geomatics Engineering

Principles of surveying; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.

Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Photogrammetry – scale, flying height; Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).

Exam Pattern for GATE 2019


Exam Pattern for GATE 2019
Section Question No No of Questions Marks per Question Total Marks
General Aptitude 1 to 5 5 1 5
  6 to 10 5 2 10
Technical &  Engineering 1 to 25 25 1 25
Mathematics 26 to 55 30 2 60

 Total Questions: 65

Total Marks: 100

Total Duration : 3 hours

Technical Section: 70 marks

General Aptitude: 15 marks

Engineering Mathematics: 15 marks

25 marks to 40 marks will be allotted to Numerical Answer Type Questions
Reference Books for Civil Engineering- GATE 2019


  • Strength of Material by Dr R. K. Bansal
  • Strength of Material by U. C. Jindal
  • Strength of Material by B. C. Punmia
  • Structural Analysis by Theory of structures by S. Ramamrutham & R. Narayan
  • C.C. Design – Reinforced Concrete Design by Devdas Menon & S. Pillai
  • Design of Steel Structure by S.K. Duggal
  • Environment Engineering – Water Supply Engineering:
  1. Environmental Engineering
  2. 1 & Sewage Disposal and Air Pollution Engineering by S. K. Garg
  • Soil Mechanics – Basics and Applied Soil Mechanics by Gopal Ranjan & A. S. R. Rao
  • Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics by Dr P. N. Modi & Dr S. M Seth
  • Fluid Mechanics in SI Units by Yunus Cengel
  • Highway Engineering by S. K. Khanna & C. E. G. Justo
  • Surveying (vol. 1,2,3) by B. C. Punia, Ashok Jain & Arun Jain
  • Engineering Hydrology by K Subramanya
  • Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures K. Garg
  • Construction Material & Management by S.C Rangwala, M.L. Gambhir, B. C. Punia

Other GATE 2019 Details