### GATE 2019 Syllabus for Petroleum Engineering

About GATE 2019 – In engineering/ technology/ architecture and P.hD, it is conducted to offer admission into M.Tech/M.Sc. GATE 2019 Mock Tests have been released; GATE 2019 exam is managed by the IIT. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national level examination and in relevant branches of science.

In each of the GATE 2019 subjects, the topics have been divided into two categories. On core topics, the corresponding sections (of the syllabus given below) of the question paper will contain 90% of their questions and the remaining 10% on Special Topics.

Of the fields in engineering, petroleum engineering is one that combines the exploration, Innovation, and Expansion of activities related to the production of Hydrocarbons. It covers geophysics, petroleum geology, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, formation evaluation, drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering. Below the Earth’s surface, the main activity in this course is design and develops methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits. The work is mostly beside the drilling sites.

Syllabus of Petroleum Engineering for GATE 2019

Linear Algebra

Systems of linear equations, Matrix algebra, Eigenvalues and eigenvectors;

Calculus

Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Taylor series, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential equations

Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one-dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

Numerical Methods

Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Single and multi-step methods for the numerical solution of differential equations; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule;

Probability and Statistics

Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions, Linear regression analysis, Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation;

Petroleum Exploration

Origin, migration and accumulation of Petroleum; Classification and description of some common rocks with particular reference to clastic and nonclastic reservoir rocks. Petroleum exploration methods.

Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology

Well, planning. Drilling method. Drilling rigs Rig operating systems. Drilling fluids function and properties; Drilling fluid maintenance equipment; Drill string & Casing string function, operations, selection & design. Drilling problems, their control & remedies; Directional drilling tools;  Directional survey. Application of horizontal, multilateral, extended reach, slim wells;  Oil & gas well cementing operations. Drill bit types and their applications;

Reservoir Engineering

The flow of fluids through porous media. Water and gas coning. Reservoir pressure measurements. Reservoir drives, drive mechanics and recovery factors. Reserve estimation & techniques;  Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks. Coring and core analysis. Reservoir fluid properties. Phase behaviour of hydrocarbon system;

Petroleum Production Operations

Well equipment. Well completion techniques. Well production problems and mitigation. Well servicing & Workover operations production system analysis & optimisation. Production testing. Multiphase flow in tubing and flow-lines. Nodal system analysis. Pressure vessels, storage tanks, shell and tube heat exchangers, pumps and compressors, LNG value chain; Workover & completion fluids. Formation damage. Well stimulation techniques. Artificial lift techniques. Field processing of oil & gas. Storage and transportation of petroleum and petroleum products. Metering and measurements oil & gas;

Offshore Drilling and Production Practices

Offshore oil and gas operations & ocean environment. Offshore drilling from a fixed platform, jack-up, ships and semi submersibles. Use of conductors and risers; Offshore well completion. Deep water applications of subsea technology. Offshore production: Oil processing platforms, water injection platforms, storage, SPM and SBM transportation and utilities. Deep water drilling rig. Deep water production system. Emerging deep water technologies; Offshore fixed platforms, Offshore mobile units, Station keeping methods like mooring & dynamic positioning system;

Petroleum Formation Evaluation

Evaluation of petrophysical of sub-surface formations: Special type of logging tools. Casing inspection tools (principles, applications and limitations), Formations micro scanner (FMS), NMR logging principles. Standard log interpretation methods. Cross-plotting methods; Principles applications, advantages and disadvantages of SP, resistivity, radioactive, acoustic logs and types of tools used. Evaluation of CBL/VDL, USIT, SFT, RFT. Production logging tools, principles, limitations and applications.

Oil and Gas Well Testing

Diffusivity equation, derivation & solutions; Radius of investigation; Principle of superposition; Horner’s approximation; Drill Stem Testing. Pressure;

Transient Tests

Drawdown and build up-test analysis. Wellbore effects. Multilayer reservoirs. Injection well testing. Multiple well testing. Interference testing, Pulse testing, well-test analysis by use of type curves. Gas well testing;

Industry

Manual & automatic shutdown system, blow down systems. Gas detection system. Fire detection and suppression systems. Personal protection system & measures. HSE Policies. Disaster & crisis management in the Petroleum Industry. Environment: The impact of drilling & production operations on the environment, Environmental transport of petroleum wastes. Offshore environmental studies; Offshore oil spill and oil spill control. Waste treatment methods; Toxicity,  Physiological,  Asphyxiation,  respiratory  and  skin  effect  of  petroleum hydrocarbons, sour gases. Safety System; Environment concepts, impact on eco-system, air, water and soil;

Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques

Basic principles and mechanism of EOR, Screening of EOR process. Concept of pattern flooding, recovery efficiency, permeability heterogeneity. Chemical flooding, Miscible flooding, Thermal recoveries (steam stimulation, hot water & steam flooding, in-situ combustion), Microbial EOR; Macroscopic and microscopic displacement efficiency. EOR methods;

Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering

Oil shale, gas hydrate, and heavy oil; Coal bed methane, shale gas

Exam Pattern for GATE 2019

 Exam Pattern for GATE 2019 Section Question No No of Questions Marks per Question Total Marks General Aptitude 1 to 5 5 1 5 6 to 10 5 2 10 Technical &  Engineering 1 to 25 25 1 25 Mathematics 26 to 55 30 2 60

Total Questions : 65
Total Marks : 100
Total Duration : 3 hours
Technical Section : 70 marks
General Aptitude: 15 marks
Engineering Mathematics :15 marks
25 marks to 40 marks will be allotted to Numerical Answer Type Questions

Reference Books for Petroleum Engineering- GATE 2019

• Oil Well Testing Handbook by Amanat Chaudhry
• Oil Well Testing by Navid Naderpour and Maryam Khoshtinat Nikoo
• Reservoir Engineering Handbook by Amar Kumar
• Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering (Developments in Petroleum Science) by L. P. Dake
• Nontechnical Guide to Petroleum Geology, Exploration, Drilling, and Production by Norman J. Hyne
• Drilling Engineering by J.J. Azar and G. Robello Samuel
• Petroleum Refining Processes by Rakesh Rathi

Other GATE 2019 Syllabus and Information