GATE 2019 Syllabus for Projection on Atmospheric and Ocean Science

GATE 2019 –In their graduate fields, to test the performance and understanding capability of students Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) which is a national level exam is being conducted. In this test is useful for the admissions. On behalf of the  National Coordination Board, GATE exam is jointly conducted by the seven IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) and IISc (Indian Institute of Science)  – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. In many of the government and private organizations, the GATE score is important for recruitment. GATE score is compulsory for many private organizations.

Syllabus of Atmospheric and Ocean Science – GATE 2019

Atmospheric Science

Hydrostatic equilibrium: Tropical convection; Atmospheric Thermodynamics; Fundamental of Meteorology, Thermal structure of the atmosphere and its composition, Radiation Balance and Laws, Wind Belts, Monsoon, Climate; Atmospheric Electricity Cloud Physics; Observation Techniques of the Atmospheric Properties; Hydrostatic equation, a variation of pressure with height, geopotential. Monsoon trough tropical cyclones, their structure and development theory; monsoon depressions; Climate variability and forcings; Tropical meteorology: Trade wind inversion, ITCZ; Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO), ENSO, QBO (quasi-biennial oscillation) and sunspot cycles. Primitive equations of Numerical Weather Prediction; General Circulation and Climate Modelling.

Continuity equation in Cartesian and isobaric coordinates, Scale analysis, inertial flow, geostrophic and gradient winds, thermal wind, vorticity; Atmospheric turbulence, baroclinic instability; Atmospheric Waves; Fundamental equations;  Pressure, gravity, centripetal and Coriolis forces. Maximum and minimum temperature and fog; Data Assimilation; prediction of weather elements such as rain; Synoptic weather forecasting.

Ocean Sciences

Ocean Tide and Waves and their properties; Coastal processes and Estuary Dynamics; coastal zone management; Wind-Driven Circulation: Ekman, Sverdrup, Stommel and Munk theories, Inertial currents; geostrophic motion; Seawater Properties, T-S diagrams, Ocean Observations, barotropic and baroclinic conditions; Oceanic eddies. Global conveyor belt circulation; Subtropical gyres; Western boundary currents; equatorial current systems; Current System in the Indian Ocean.

Element chemistry in atypical conditions-estuaries, Biochemical cycling of nutrients, trace metals and organic matter; Air-sea exchange of important biogenic dissolved gases; carbon dioxide-carbonate system; alkalinity and control of pH; biological pump; Chemical Property of seawater; Major and minor elements, their behavior and chemical exchanges across interfaces and residence times in seawater; Marine Pollution; Primary and secondary production; factors controlling phytoplankton and zooplankton abundance and diversity; nekton and fisheries oceanography.

Momentum equation, mass conservation, vorticity;  Ocean and Wave Modeling, Ocean State Forecasting. Data Assimilation; Ocean Turbulence.


Exam Pattern for GATE 2019
Section Question No No of Questions Marks per Question Total Marks
General Aptitude 1 to 5 5 1 5
  6 to 10 5 2 10
Technical &  Engineering 1 to 25 25 1 25
Mathematics 26 to 55 30 2 60

Total Questions: 65
Total Marks: 100
Total Duration: 3 hours
Technical Section: 70 marks
General Aptitude: 15 marks
Engineering Mathematics: 15 marks
25 marks to 40 marks will be allotted to Numerical Answer Type Questions

Reference Books for Atmospheric and Ocean Science- GATE 2019

  • Basics of Atmospheric Sciences by Chandrasekhar
  • Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey by John M. Wallace
  • Infinite – Dimensional Dynamical Systems in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
  • Computer Modeling in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences: Building Knowledge

Other GATE 2019 Syllabus and Information

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