IIT JAM 2019 Syllabus for Geology (GG)

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At IITs and IISc, in their respective disciplines, comparable to the best in the world, these postgraduate programmes offer high-quality education. To provide opportunities to the students, the curricula for these programmes are designed apart from developing academic talent leading to a challenging and rewarding professional life.

Syllabus of Geology for IIT JAM 2019

The Planet Earth

Formation of continents and oceans; Dating rocks and age of the Earth; Volcanism and volcanic landforms; Elements of Plate tectonics; Orogenic cycles; Geomorphology:  Origin of the Solar System and the Earth; Geosphere and the composition of the Earth; Shape and size of the earth; Earth-moon system; Interior of earth; Earthquakes; Earth’s magnetism and gravity, Isostasy; Weathering and erosion; Transportation and deposition due to wind, ice, river, sea, and resulting landforms, Structurally controlled landforms;

Structural Geology

Stereographic and equal area projections of planes and lines; Concept of stratum; Contour; Outcrop patterns; Maps and cross sections; Dip and strike; Classification and origin of folds, faults, joints, unconformities, foliations and lineations, shear zones; computation of true thickness of beds from outcrops and bore-holes;


Elementary idea of vertebrate fossils in India; Major steps in the evolution of life forms; Fossils; their mode of preservation and utility; Morphological characters, major evolutionary trends and ages of important groups of animals – Brachiopoda, Mollusca, Trilobita, Graptolitoidea, Anthozoa, Echinodermata; Gondwana plant fossils;


Litho-, Chrono- and biostratigraphic classification; Principles of stratigraphy; distribution and classification of the stratigraphic horizons of India from Archaean to Recent;


Physical properties of minerals; Isomorphism and polymorphism, Classification of minerals; Structure of silicates; Symmetry and forms in common crystal classes; Mineralogy of common rock-forming minerals; Mode of occurrence of minerals in rocks; Transmitted polarised light microscopy and optical properties of uniaxial and biaxial minerals;


Crystallization from magma; classification, association and genesis of igneous rocks; Sedimentary rocks – classification, texture and structure; Definition and classification of rocks; Igneous rocks-forms of igneous bodies; size and shape of sedimentary bodies; Metamorphic rocks – classification, facies, zones and texture. Characteristic mineral assemblages of pelites in the Barrovian zones and mafic rocks in common facies

Economic Geology

Physical characters; Mode of occurrence and distribution in India both of metallic and non-metallic mineral deposits;  Properties of common economic minerals; General processes of formation of mineral deposits; Coal and petroleum occurrences in India; Applied Geology: Ground Water; Principles of Engineering Geology.

Reference books for Geology – IIT JAM 2019

  • Physical geology by Mukherjee
  • Geodynamic Evolution of India by K S Valdiya
  • Ecosystems, Environments and Evolution by Brenchley, P. J., and Harper, D. A. T
  • Introduction to Palaeontology by Arnold
  • Mineralogy by Dexter Perkins/ Cornelis Klein
  • Optical Mineralogy by Paul F. Kerr
  • Optical mineralogy by P. K. Verma
  • Structural Geology by Prof. Haakon Fossen
  • Structural Geology by K. Ghosh/ Billings/ Davis
  • Geomorphology by J. Selby
  • Introduction to Geomorphology by Kale, VS and Gupta, A
  • Remote Sensing Geology by Gupta R.P
  • Fundamentals of Historical Geology and Stratigraphy of India by Ravindra Kumar
  • Stratigraphic principles and practice by Weller, J.M
  • Industrial minerals and rocks of India by Deb
  • Economic Mineral Deposits by Bateman, A.M. and Jensen, M.L
  • Ore deposits of India their distribution and processing by Gokhale, K.V.G.K. and Rao
  • An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology by John D. Winter
  • Igneous Petrology by Bose M.K
  • Hydrogeology by Todd and Karanth
  • Groundwater by H.M.Ragunath
  • Engineering Geology by Krynine and Judd
  • Engineering Geology by K.M.Bhangar

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