Introducing Outcome Based Education – KSHEC
New initiative by KSHEC
The Kerala State Higher Education Council (KSHEC) has set in motion a drive to train academics in the art of ‘outcome writing’ for various types of academic programmes with a view to anchoring teaching, learning, and evaluation in the State’s universities, on pre-specified and clearly spelt-out outcomes,
The aim was to make all courses in universities outcome-driven in a year’s time reportedly said Council vice chairman Rajan Gurukkal in The Hindu. Experts in Outcome-Based Education (OBE) had already trained the chairmen of the boards of studies of science subjects in the University of Kerala, MG University, CUSAT, and the KTU in creating outcomes for courses.
A similar training would soon be given to personnel of the Calicut and Kannur universities and to the chairmen of the boards of studies of non-science subjects.
Overview of the concept
A concept note on OBE prepared by Dr Gurukkal points out that teaching, learning, and evaluation are independent of any outcome at present. The primary emphasis is on remembering. The focus needs to shift to a multi-layered understanding of concepts.
“Outcomes should evolve out of the contents, instructional strategies, learning experiences, methods of evaluation, and assessment. At different levels of higher education, each course should have its own expected outcomes, explained logically through a linked process, which can be defended as to its ability to produce graduates with predetermined outcomes,” Dr Gurukklal says.
Precise outcomes enable clarity of purpose in teaching and learning and run as a “thread of quality control” through the planning of curriculum, selection of instructional strategies, choice of the learning experience, and preparation of tests.
OBE also enables concurrent self-assessment by learners and helps them measure their progress towards attaining the outcomes and also to “demand new learning experiences”.
Since the expected outcomes of courses are clearly stated, the teachers also have the legitimate right to test whether the learners have attained these stated goals.
Dr Gurukkal also argues that transcending the stereotypical, OBE provides opportunities to learn differently, naturally, and creatively. “It is mastery learning but with criticality and creativity,” he points out.
Strengthening the teaching and learning systems in higher education institutions today means a package of curriculum design, course design, instructional design, and test design following global standards.
OBE and re-articulation
Re-articulation of higher education in tune with OBE is no more a matter of choice
The Govt. of Kerala constituted the Kerala State Higher Education Council as per G.O.(P) No. 37/2007/HEdn. dated 16th March 2007 in the exercise of powers conferred by sub-section(1) of section 3 read with sections 11,12,14 and 16 of the Kerala State Higher Education Council Ordinance, 2007 (Ordinance No. 2 of 2007). As per notification No. 19536/Leg.Uni.3/2007/Law dt. 15th Oct. 2007, the ordinance was replaced by the Kerala State Higher Education Council Act 2007 (Act 22 of 2007).
The Council consists of three bodies namely: ( As per the KSHEC(Amendment) ordinance 2017)
- Advisory Body
- Governing Body
- Executive Body