Latest Trends in Vocational Training

Industrial and labour, trends in the country have made the importance and need for vocational and technical education very clear and that is why the National Vocational Qualification Framework (NVQF) has been established by the Central Government for motivating skill development. Many features have been proposed for the proper functioning of this policy like certification of learning, national qualification levels, quality assurance etc

We can define VET or Vocational Education and Training as education and training that aim at giving people the knowledge, know-how, skills, competence which is required for jobs especially in the labour market.

Vocational training is that training which takes into consideration the skills learned, a large part of vocational training is hands-on training. Skills required for a particular job such as typing, data entry, carpentry, welding

  • Draughtsman(Civil)
  • Draughtsman(Mechanical)
  • Fitter, turner
  • Machinist
  • Electrician
  • Wireman
  • Motor mechanic
  • Radio &TV mechanic
  • Die-maker
  • Refrigerator mechanic
  • AC mechanic

The Vocational Training in India is imparted by mainly two types of bodies:

  • ITIs are govt owned or public sector Training institutes and ITCs which are owned by private owners
  • Private owned Industrial Training Centres (ITCs)

Some of the principal training schemes are:

  • The Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS)
  • Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS)

Other Institutes that offer vocational training are

  • NIOS( National Institute of Open Schooling )
  • Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)
  • Ministry Of Rural Development –includes Jawahar Rozgar yojna(JRY)
  • Employment Assurance Scheme, Integrated Rural Development Programme(IRDP)
  • Programme for Development of Women and Children In Rural Areas(DWCRA) The Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment(TRYSEM)

There are many more such schemes which provide skilled training in various technical and also social sectors after 10th or 12th and especially benefit the poor and the underprivileged.

  • CITS OR Craft Instructors training AVTS or Advanced Training Scheme
  • Supervisory Training Scheme, Staff Training, and Research programme
    Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC): impart training and for the unorganised sector
  • Tool Room & Training Centers(DC, MSME): set up by the Govt of India to provide faculties for designing and manufacturing tools
  • National Manufacturing Competitive Council NMCC: set up by the Govt of India to help in the growth of GDP in the manufacturing industry

CAPART (Council for Advancement of Rural Technology)

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