MHRD confirms 45% seats vacant in engineering Colleges in India
The Union Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Government of India, Satypal Singh told Lok Sabha recently that more than 45% seats remained vacant in All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) approved engineering colleges pan India in the last four years, as per news agency PTI. Singh also said that 48.79% seats remained unfilled during 2014-15 academic sessions, while the percentage of seats that remained unfilled during 2015-16, 2017-18 and 2018-19 stood at 47.68%, 49.70% and 49.30% respectively.
Singh said, “The actual enrolment in technical institutes is based on the demand-supply situation which attributed to the location of the institute, research and infrastructure facilities and placement opportunities.” The AICTE had received 239 applications from engineering and technical institutes for closure out of which 51 institutes were granted letter of approval, added the report.
Slew of Measures
To improving the standards of technical know-how and knowledge of engineering professionals who are graduating from various colleges to enable them to compete at the global level, the following package of measures have been approved by the AICTE
- Perspective Plan for Technical Education
- Introduction of Induction programme for engineering students
- Revision of curriculum
- Mandatory internships
- Industry readiness by imparting technical and soft skills
- Promoting innovation/start-ups
- Exam reforms
- Training of teachers
- Mandatory accreditation of all the programmes through the National Board of Accreditation before 2022.
In addition to it, the following steps have also been taken by the Government to enhance the quality of higher education in the Country:
- Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) to develop and make available ‘Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs)’ to learners throughout the country. The establishment of Research Parks in Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
- Prime Minister Kaushal Vikas Yojna by Technical Institutions (PMKVY-TI) is being implemented through (AICTE) approved colleges during off-college hours to impart unemployed youth, the Engineering Skills and find placement in suitable private sector jobs.
- Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) to provide solutions to the most relevant engineering challenges and translating knowledge into a viable technology.
- Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana(UAY) to promote innovation of a higher order that impacts the needs of the Industry and thereby improving the competitive edge of Indian manufacturing.
- Global Initiative for Academics Network (GIAN) to bring together foreign and Indian faculties from the world’s leading academic institutions to teach an academic course that provided the credit to participating institutions.
- The Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) have organised Graduate Employability workshops based on course curriculum. Further, day-long soft skills’ seminars for pre-final and final year students are being conducted for enhancing their technical know-how.
- Swayam Prabha is an initiative to provide 32 high-quality educational channels through DTH (Direct to Home) across the length and breadth of the country on a 24×7 basis.