NTA’s association with NEET, JEE Exams

NTA (National Testing Agency) would be responsible for conducting entrance examinations in the country thus relieving educational bodies like CBSE, AICTE etc. of their exam performing duties. The agency would begin its operation by taking over examinations which are currently being conducted by CBSE and eventually cover other entrance examinations. The setting up of NTA would allow students to have access to one standardised test and will also curb allegation of uneven difficulty level in various contexts in an exam.

Significant facts about NTA

  • The Finance Minister in the budget speech of 2017-18 had announced that a national body would be set up which will be responsible for conducting entrance examinations for higher education.
  • For NTA to begin operation in the first year, the government has allocated a fund of Rs. 25 crores. From its second year, the agency will become self-sustainable.
  • 3 JEE Main, NEET UG, UGC NET, CTET, etc. are some of the exams which would be conducted by NTA
  • The exams will likely be held twice a year and will be done online. So far, only once a year, entrance exams like JEE Main or NEET UG are conducted. UGC NET used to be conducted twice a year, but from this year, CBSE announced that NET would also be held once a year. Especially for exams like JEE and NEET which are conducted immediately after the board exams are over, the prospect of the entrance exams twice a year will bring relief to students who often have to face undue pressure.
  • By the MHRD, an educationist will be appointed who will preside over the agency as an autonomous body.
  • The member institutions will be represented by a board of governors on behalf of the agency.
  • Under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860, NTA will be created as a society registered
  • About 40 lakh students who appear in various entrance exams will be catered by the agency. This year, for JEE Main Exam 1186454 students had enrolled. This year, 11, 38,890 had appeared for the NEET UG exam. For UGC NET which was concluded recently, approximately 9.30 lakh candidates had registered.
  • A standardised difficulty level in the exams will be ensured by NTA.
  • About varying levels of difficulty in different sets of question paper, it is also expected that setting up NTA will help avoid conflicts

NEET Overview

By the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), as per regulations framed under the Indian Medical Council Act-1956 as amended in 2018 and the Dentists Act-1948 as amended in 2018, NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST (UG), 2018 (NEET-UG-2018) will be conducted for admission to MBBS/BDS Courses in India in Medical/Dental Colleges run with the approval of Medical Council of India/Dental Council of India under the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India except for the institutions established through an Act of Parliament i.e. AIIMS and JIPMER Puducherry.

To the conduct of the entrance examination, the responsibility of the CBSE is a limited declaration of result and providing All India Rank to the Directorate General Health Services, for 15% All India Quota Seats and for supplying the result to state/other counselling authorities, Government of India for the conduct of counselling.

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