Workforce Creation for sustainable prospects
Workforce Evolution, the auto industry has been one of the first adopters of the latest manufacturing trends, making it incumbent to participate in high-end automation of the entire manufacturing value chain, or Manufacturing 4.0. From mechanisation to electrification to automation, industrial revolutions over the centuries have brought about major technological developments in the world. Taking technology adoption in manufacturing to a whole new level, we are now witnessing the fourth industrial revolution, Industry 4.0.
The adoption of Manufacturing 4.0 is at a nascent stage In India. The industrial sector is an integral part of ‘Make in India’. In a manufacturing transition, skilling is the most critical and complex component; a skilled workforce forms an essential element for the adoption of Manufacturing 4.0.
The present-day workforce has to be retrained to fill the new roles these changes create while enabling deployment of ‘smart machines’ with varying degrees of autonomy.
The Internet of things is the nerve centre of modern manufacturing as the integrating technologies like AI, cyber-physical systems and cloud computing into a seamless stream of actionable intelligence.
Building the next-gen workforce
For the next-gen worker, an understanding of the digital domain is imperative. India is struggling with low vocational training capacity and a small percentage of the formally-skilled workforce. The quality and employability of engineers have been questioned. We need to develop a robust training infrastructure to live up to the expectations of Manufacturing 4.0. This emerging era will also depend on An access to professionals who are endowed with the necessary domain knowledge. Thus, the country’s challenges are two-fold—propel the growth of the manufacturing industry and improve the availability of a skilled workforce.
Industry and Government’s role
For skill development, while promoting industry-oriented training, the government needs to provide supportive policies and adequate financing. With ‘Make in India’, While the government is keen on generating employment it should involve the private sector in PPP models to conduct relevant training. Alongside the creation of infrastructure and development of innovation centres and test labs, this must happen.
To employees, the auto industry, in particular, should provide cross-functional exposure. On its part, the industry can create and define emerging roles for the factories of the future, offer re-skilling opportunities by identifying a core set of industry-relevant skills and delivering them to employees.
Continuous training and development in the workplace and lifelong learning are becoming a core competency in corporate cultures. A lot of collaborative and cross-cultural skills will be required to be able to work in network environments sustainably. For manufacturing in general, and investment in these new essentials will define automotive industry in particular, competitiveness in the era of digital manufacturing workflows and processes in India.