NEET 2019 Syllabus of Biology
NEET 2019 Syllabus of Biology
About NEET – In order to fill the medical seats that are about 54,000 medical seats across the country, National Eligibility and Entrance Test or NEET is the one examination which would be considered. In regards to the Supreme Court’s order in 2016, NEET would be the only examination to fill the All India Quota Seats as well as the State Level Quota seats across the country. The examination is also valid for filling the private college seats across the country.
Syllabus of Biology for NEET 2019
Diversity in Living World
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Viruses and Viroids. Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms classification up to class, characteristic features and examples).
Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens; Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Salient features and classification of animals-non-chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples);
Structural Organization in Animals and Plants
Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for the continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants:
Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach) (Brief account only); Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and racemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus); Animal tissues; Reproduction in organisms:
Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants; Sexual reproduction in flowering plants; Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
Cell Structure and Function
Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action; B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance; Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function.
Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis.
Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention); Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate.
Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Photosynthesis: Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis.
Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient; Growth regulators-auxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis; Respiration: Exchange gases.
Disorders of circulatory system- Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure; Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders; Body fluids and circulation: Regulation of cardiac activity; Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation.
Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney; Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, flagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction.
Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout; Neural control and coordination: Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in human central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood.
Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear; Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes.
Overview of NEET 2019
In a single shift, as the conducting body of NEET UG, NEET 2019 will be conducted on May 5 and the significance of NTA being replaced with CBSE has to be noted. The shift timing of NEET 2019 is 2.00 PM to 5.00 PM. NEET 2019 will be held only once a year.
The mode of conduct of the exam will be offline only i.e. candidates will be provided OMR sheet wherein they will be asked to submit responses. Only those candidates who will fill successfully submit the NEET application form 2019 will be eligible to take the exam on the said date.
While the application fee can be paid till December 8, The National Testing Agency (NTA) has closed the registration process of NEET 2019, NTA has, earlier, scheduled the last date to fill the application form as for November 30. However, it was later extended till December 7.
More information on NEET UG 2019