National Law Universities to force in common law admission test

National Law Universities- From next year, the National Law Universities have decided to conduct a common law admission test in offline mode. After considering the technical glitches experienced in the past few years, the decision was taken by a consortium of law universities.

The students will have to appear in pen-paper mode from 2019 after this move. To improve the quality of the paper, the consortium is also planning to create a question bank.

To improve the question papers, the experts from all the NLUs and other institutions would be asked to contribute to the bank. The consortium has also agreed to set up a CLAT secretariat and a permanent website that would function throughout the year from its permanent office in Bengaluru.

To regulate and represent the Indian bar, the Bar Council of India is a statutory body created by Parliament. By prescribing standards of professional conduct, they perform the regulatory function and etiquette and by exercising disciplinary jurisdiction over the bar. We also set standards for legal education and grants recognition to Universities whose degree in law will serve as qualification for enrolment as an advocate.

In addition, they perform certain representative functions by protecting the rights, privileges and interests of advocates and through the creation of funds for providing financial assistance to organise welfare schemes for them.

Bar Council Overview

Under the Advocates Act, 1961, The Bar Council of India was established by Parliament. For the legal profession, the following statutory functions under Section 7 cover the Bar Council’s regulatory and representative mandate and legal education in India:

  • For advocates, to lay down standards of professional conduct and etiquette
  • To lay down the procedure to be followed by its disciplinary committee and the disciplinary committees of each State Bar Council.
  • The rights, privileges and interests of advocates.
  • Promote and support law reform.
  • Deal with and dispose of any matter which may be referred to it by a State Bar Council.
  • Promote legal education and to lay down standards of legal education. This is done in consultation with the Universities in India imparting legal education and the State Bar Councils.
  • Recognise Universities whose degree in law shall be a qualification for enrolment as an advocate. The Bar Council of India visits and inspects Universities, or directs the State Bar Councils to visit and inspect Universities for this purpose.
  • Conduct seminars and talks on legal topics by eminent jurists and publish journals and papers of legal interest.
  • Organise legal aid to the poor.
  • Recognise on a reciprocal basis, the foreign qualifications in law obtained outside India for the purpose of admission as an advocate in India.
  • Manage and invest the funds of the Bar Council.
  • Provide for the election of its members who shall run the Bar Councils.


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